Health & Safety Manual
Safety Manual





Property of Cangro Services Ltd.



Reviewed By:


President: Mr. Raymond L. Johnson             Signature: RLJ                              Date: Jan 1, 2018


Comptroller: Mr. Gary Crewe                        Signature: Gary Crewe                  Date: Jan 1, 2018


Project Manager: Mr. Jeff Banks                    Signature: Jeffery Banks           Date: Jan 1, 2018







Cangro President’s Acknowledgement, Review and Signature

Ref: All Statements, Policy’s and Amendments Made to:


Cangro Services Limited Safety Manual



Letter from President:


                This is to acknowledge my review of all statements, policies and amendments made to Cangro

Services Limited Safety Manual in the year 2018.


                I authorize the Safety Manual to be available for use to all internal and external stakeholders.




Raymond Johnson                                                                                     Date: Jan 1, 2018

President of Cangro Services Limited                                                       Signature: RLJ










1.       Responsibilities

2.       General Rules

3.       Alcohol and Drug Policy

4.       Early and Safe Return to Work Policy

5.       Emergency Preparedness

6.       Environment Policy

7.       Fall Protection Policy

8.       Harassment Policy

9.       Hazard Assessment Policy

10.     Investigation Policy

11.     Maintenance Policy

12.     Occupational Health and Safety Policy

13.     Personal Protective Equipment Policy

14.     Power Line Hazard Policy

15.     Safety Policy

16.     Safety Training Policy

17.     Sub-Contractor Policy

18.     Traffic Control Policy

19.     Trenching and Excavating Policy

20.     Working Alone Policy and Procedures

21.     Work Place Inspection Policy

22.     Safe Work Practices

23.     Job Procedures - Equipment

24.     Job Procedures – Operations

25.     Confined Space Policy and Confined Space Rescue Entry Plan











An effective OH & S program depends on strong leadership. Leadership involves committing the financial and human resources needed to establish and monitor the program and to ensure workplaces take health and safety responsibilities seriously to make the prevention of illness and injury an accepted, everyday practice. To achieve this all personal within the company must recognize, participate and enforce their responsibilities to make the work place safe.


-          Have a leadership role primarily focused on ensuring company compliance with the occupational health and safety standards and regulations and employer policies and procedures

-          Take a leadership role in creating a health and safety culture

-          Ensure that occupational health and safety issues are resolved in the legislated time frame

-          Enable staff to conduct their occupational health and safety roles and responsibilities

-          Demonstrate the importance of integrating occupational health and safety into everyday work activities

-          Participating in the establishment and review of occupational health and safety policies and procedures

-          Be involved in safety meetings and assessments and provide suggestions and solutions to the supervisor and workers regarding safety issues

-          Help correct unsafe conditions

-          Be directly involved in any accident or incident investigations

-          Ensure that all employees have the proper training before they are asked to perform a task

-          Communicate with the supervisor to ensure that the supervisor understand the task that has to be performed



-          Have a leadership role primarily focused on ensuring company compliance with occupational health and safety standards and regulations by securing the health and safety welfare of all workers under his supervision

-          Take a leadership role in creating a health and safety culture

-          Ensure that any safety concerns are reported to the president in a timely manner

-          Participating in the establishment and review of occupational health and safety policies and procedures

-          Be involved in safety meetings and assessments and provide suggestions and solutions to the workers regarding safety issues

-          Be directly involved in any accident or incident investigations

-          Ensure all safety barriers are in place before a task can start

-          Observe and evaluate employees to ensure they perform their task safely

-          Imminently correct any unsafe acts or conditions

-          Enforce the use of PPE’s

-          Enforce all safety rules

-          Communicate with the employees to ensure that the employees understand the task that has to be performed



-          Integrate OH&S into everyday work activities through creating a health and safety culture in the workplace

-          Follow the directives set by management regarding safety in the workplace

-          Make use of the policies, procedures and safe work practices available to them

-          Be involved in safety meetings and assessments and provide suggestions and solutions to the supervisor regarding safety issues

-          Report any hazards/incidents/accidents to the supervisor or president that may be found in the workplace

-          Be responsible for their safety and the safety of others at the workplace

-          Become familiar and comply with all rules and regulations of the company

-          Wear their PPE’S


OH&S Committee

-          Scheduling and attending all OH&S committee meetings

-          Reviewing policies and procedures and implementing any changes

-          Discuss and review all accident and incident and implement resolutions

-          Discuss all complaints made by the employees and supervisor and implement solutions

-          Ensure any outstanding concerns and complaints are dealt with in a reasonable time frame







Cangro Services Limited Health and Safety Rules


It is the policy of Cangro Services Limited to insist that all sub-contractors, their employees, and our direct workforce, understand and strictly adhere to the provisions of the Occupational Health and Safety Act and all applicable regulations.

The duties and responsibilities of the supervisor, worker and employer, legislated in the Occupational Health and Safety Act, are of paramount importance. Below are some of the most fundamental Safety Rules; know them and adhere to them. Your foreman or project supervisor will inform you of any additional safety rules and procedures as the need arises.


Cangro Services Limited Personal Health and Safety Rules


Head Protection

C.S.A. approved class “B” hardhats must be worn at all times while you are on the project

Foot Protection

C.S.A. approved footwear (“Green Patch”) with toe and sole protection must be worn at all times while you are on the project

Skin Protection

Appropriate work clothing must be worn when handling and using tools and materials which may cause injuries to your skin

Eye Protection

Face shields, goggles or glasses must be worn by workers and must be of a design to afford suitable eye and face protection when:

-          Working with materials

-          Drilling or working under dusty conditions

-          Sand or water blasting

-          Waterproofing

-          Working on energized switchboards

-          Using explosive actuated fastenings or nailing tools

-          Working with compressed air or other gases

-          When working near any of the operations listed above



For your protection on the job, DO NOT WEAR:

-          Loose clothing or cuffs

-          Greasy or oily clothing, gloves or boots

-          Torn or ragged clothing

-          Finger rings, bracelets or neck chains


Other Personal Protective Equipment

Other equipment, such as safety belts, full-body harnesses, respirators, reflective vests, floatation vests, ear protection devices, etc., must be worn when required by the Act or Regulations and your foreman

Non-Prescription Drugs or Alcohol

Non-prescription drugs or alcohol will not be allowed on the job. Any employee found to be in possession of, or under the influence of, drugs or alcohol will not be allowed to work and is liable to be severely disciplined or terminated from employment

Reporting Injuries and Accidents/Incidents

All injuries and accidents/incidents, no matter how minor, must be reported immediately to your supervisor. The supervisor will conduct his/her investigation and report it to management

Reporting Unsafe Practices and Conditions

If you should notice any unsafe practice or condition on the job, you are obligated by law and by this company to report the situation immediately to your supervisor so that correction action can be taken

Placement of Tool and Materials

Never place tools or materials near edges to openings or levels, as these items may fall onto someone below. Keep all tools and materials at least six feet back from edges and openings

Heavy Lifting

Always seek assistance or use mechanical lifting devices when attempting to lift heavy material. Avoid awkward positions and always lift with the legs, not your back. Your back is very susceptible to injury in a bent position


No person shall jump from one level to another and anyone discovered jumping will be reprimanded and subject to immediate termination from employment. Use proper means for access and egress


Do not engage in any prank, contest, feat of strength, unnecessary running or boisterous conduct

Guardrails or Coverings

Do not remove guardrails or coverings



Distribution of safety directives shall be as follows:

-          Copy to the Supervisor in charge of the subcontract work

-          Copy to the Project Manager

-          Copy to the Subcontractor’s Head Office

-          Copy to Cangro Services Limited Comptroller

-          Copy to Cangro Services Limited President


Employees of construction including subcontractor employees working on sites will be held accountable for their actions and any violations of this safety policy



Violations to the following safety concerns represent a serious level of neglect and Cangro Services Limited’s project manager or his competent replacement has the right to exercise a ZERO TOLERANCE policy and have the violator(s) dismissed from the project. No further warnings are required or will be given.

-          Fall Protection Violations

-          Electrical or Mechanical lock-out Violations

-          Fire Prevention Violations

-          Trenching Violations


Construction Employees

-          First Violation: A Recorded Verbal Warning

-          Second Violation: (Same Offence) Written Notice and One Day Loss of Work and Pay

-          Third Violation: (Same Offence) Permanent Dismissal from Employment


Subcontractors Employees

-          First Violation: A Recorded Verbal Warning

-          Second Violation: (Same Offence) Written Notice to Employee and Employer and Temporary Removal from Site

-          Third Violation: (Same Offence) Permanent Removal from Site


NOTE:Architects, owners, suppliers, sales personnel and public visitors must abide by the personal protective equipment rulings and other rulings that may be associated with their work. Failure to do so may cause the project manager to act.

Theses notices and penalties shall be enforced as written on all projects. Dismissal of an employee shall be reviewed with a party of three (e.g. project manager, management and safety committee labor member).


General Rules Summary

-          Consuming or being in possession of alcohol or illegal drugs on company premises, or on any company job site is PROHIBITED

-          Fighting, horseplay, practical jokes or otherwise interfering with another worker is PROHIBITED

-          Theft, vandalism or any other abuse or misuse of company property is PRHIBITED

-          All unsafe acts and conditions, including near miss incidents, are to be reported to appropriate supervision promptly

-          All incidents that result in damage or injury are to be reported to your supervisor immediately

-          First aid treatment is to be obtained promptly for any injury

-          Hard hats, safety boots, safety vests and safety glasses are to be worn at all times on all job sites

-          All work shall be carried out in accordance with appropriate safe work practices and procedures and your supervisor’s direction

-          Only those tools that are in good repair, with all guards and safety devices in place shall be used

-          Every worker shall keep his/her work area neat, clean and orderly



Cangro Services Limited

Alcohol and Drug Policy Requirement

Cangro Services Limited strives to maintain a safe working environment for its employees, customers, environment and the public

Pursuant to this we have implemented an alcohol and drug policy for our employees

Our objective is to minimize risk of impaired performances due to substance use. Included in this policy are rules for all employees regarding possession, use and effects of alcohol, street drugs and medication use while working.

Under certain conditions testing may be required.

Under these guidelines the following are PROHIBITED for all employees:

-          Use, possession, offering or sale of illicit drugs, illicit drug paraphernalia, or unprescribed drugs for which a prescription is legally required in Canada

-          Presence in the body of illicit drugs / unprescribed drugs for which a prescription is legally required in Canada or their metabolites

-          Use, possession, distribution, offering or sale of alcoholic beverages

-          Having a blood alcohol concentration of 0.04% or higher

-          Intentional misuse of prescribed medication, over the counter medication or other substances

-          Being unfit for work due to the use or after effects of alcohol, illicit drugs, unprescribed drugs, or the intentional misuse of mediations

-          Being unfit for work due to the effects of legitimate use of prescription or over the counter medications


Substance Abuse Testing

-          Employees of Cangro Services Limited may be subject to alcohol and drug test

-          Just cause will be determined by a supervisor where there are observable physical signs of impairment of ability to perform or where reasonable grounds exist to suspect the involvement of alcohol or drugs in an incident

-          Testing will be conducted as soon after an incident as is reasonably possible. It is recognized that it may not be possible to test an individual after an incident which renders him or her incapable of giving informed consent

-          Employees are required to read this policy document upon orientation and sign an acknowledgement of responsibility


General Information

The following drug categories have been associated with impairment. This list is not exhaustive. There are numerous over the counter drugs and prescription drugs which could result in impairment to safe, effective performances

Medication Type                              Use and examples

Antihistamines                                  For motion sickness (e.g. Gravol, Antivirt) or allergies. All except Seldane, Hismanal or Claritin

Narcotic analgisies                           Pain medication, Codeine (Frosst 222,282,292 Tylenol 1, 2, 3) Meperedine / Demerol Morphine Propoxyphene Daruon, Ocyiodone Percodan, Percocet, Oxycodan, Onycet

Muscle relaxants                              For sprains / strains

Anti-Anziety                                       Tranquilizers

Anti-Hypertensuies                         For blood pressure

Cold remedies                                   For congestion and cough. Those containing antihistamine or narcotic cough suppressants

Anti-inflammatory                           For pain or arthritis. Diclofenac / Voltaren, Diflunisal Dolobid, Fenprofen / Nalfon Indomethacin / Indocid Naproxen / Naprosyn Naxen, Teaprofenic acid / surgam

Anti-depressants                             All

Sedation’s                                           Sleeping medication

Stimulants                                           For appetite suppressants

Anti-convulsants                              For seizures

Anti-migraine                                    Amitriptyline, Elavil, Lerrate, Methysugide Sansert, Ergotamine Ergomar, Gynergen, Caferegoh

Anti-Viral                                             For herpes infections, Acyclovir / Zovicane amantadine / Symmetol

Sulfonamide                                      Usually for urinary or gastrointestinal infections. Sulfamethoxizole /

Anti-bacterial                                     Gantanol, Bacterium, Septra, Sulfisoxazole Azo Gantrisin


Our employees should be aware that:

-          Drug impairment can last for a day

-          Drug withdrawal can be as dangerous as drug impairment

-          Users of street drugs, whether they are chemically dependent or not, have proportionately more accidents and performance problems at work than non-users


Employees are advised:

-          Working under the influence, or possession, of alcohol or drugs is grounds for disciplinary action and / or removal from the site. Any worker taking a medically prescribed drug which may impair performance or judgement is to consult with their supervisor to insure safety on the job will not be compromised.


Reasonable Suspicion

-          Indications of impairment may include abnormal or erratic behavior (i.e. Slurring of speech, uncharacteristic staggering, inability to concentrate or focus. Smell or sight of drugs or alcohol on the employee


Suspicion of chronic abuse may arise due to the following:

-          Absenteeism

-          Reduced productivity

-          Theft

-          Loss of interest in work and co-workers

-          Deteriorating personal appearance and hygiene

-          Mood swings or depression


Agreement of acknowledgement and adherence to policy is an integral part of your commitment to the goal of a drug and alcohol-free work environment. Please sign and date upon orientation to company employment


Raymond Johnson  (President)          Signature: RLJ         Date: Jan 1, 2018







Cangro Services Limited is committed to preventing injuries and illnesses through the provision of a

healthy and safe workplace.

Cangro Services Limited and its workers have developed a cooperative and consistent program that uses

modified work, rehabilitation, job placement and follow-up to ensure that that ill, injured and disabled

workers can remain at work or quickly return to productive and meaningful work.

It is Cangro Services Limited’s policy to make every reasonable effort to provide suitable alternate

employment to an employee who is unable to perform his or her normal duties as a consequence of

accident or injury at the workplace. Job options will be identified and offered using Workplace Health,

Safety and Compensation Commission’s Hierarchy of Return to Work as identified in WHSCC Policy RE-

18 and in accordance with section 89 and 89.1 of the Workplace Health, Safety and Compensation Act.

Supervisors will attempt to accommodate employees who cannot perform the basic duties of the

position. Where this is not possible, management will cooperate in meeting Cangro Services Limited’s

policy of locating suitable alternate employment.

Any personal information received or collected that can lead to the identification of an injured worker

will be held in the strictest confidence. Information of a personal nature will be released only if required

by law with the approval of the worker who will specify the nature of the information to be released and

to whom it can be released.


Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)






Emergency Phone Numbers

Emergency                                                                                                                                         911

Ambulance                                                                                                                                         637-1666

Police                                                                                                                                                    637-4400

Fire                                                                                                                                                        911


Emergency Response Team

Raymond Johnson                                                                                                                           632-1587

Gary Crewe                                                                                                                                        639-5136

Jeffery Banks                                                                                                                                     632-4609


First Aiders

Raymond Johnson                                                                                                                           632-1587

Jeffery Banks                                                                                                                                     632-4609

Shannon Crocker                                                                                                                              639-0159

Dennis Beales                                                                                                                                    640-8515

Llewellyn Ellsworth                                                                                                                          639-0866

Darcy Ellsworth                                                                                                                                 640-8515

William McCulloch                                                                                                                           639-0169

Randy Taylor                                                                                                                                      783-2549



Cangro Services Limited Office                                                                                                   634-7781



Cangro Services Limited Environment Policy

Cangro Services Limited is committed to a strong environmental program that protects its staff, its

property and the public from accidents.

Employees and management are responsible and accountable for the company’s overall environmental

Initiatives. Complete participation by everyone, every day, in every job is necessary for the excellence

Cangro expects. Management supports protection of the environment on the job site.

Management supports participation in the program by all employees and provides proper equipment,

Training and procedures. Also, Cangro is committed to cooperating with the Occupational Health and

Safety committee in carrying out their responsibility for environmental protection. Employees are

Responsible for following all procedures and wherever possible improving environmental measures.


Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)













Cangro Services Limited Fall Protection Program Scope

Employees who are required to work or be exposed to varied elevations have a potential for injury from falls. Cangro Services Limited will ensure that all employees are trained and a fall protection system is in place where a worker is exposed to the hazard of falling from a work area that is:

(a)                 3 meters or more above the nearest safe surface or water;

(b)                 above a surface or thing that could cause injury to the worker if the worker were to fall on the surface or thing; or

(c)                 above an open tank, pit or vat containing hazardous material.

Fall protection systems include (in order of priority):

 safe work platforms, including power scaffolding equipment;  guard rails that prevent falls from an elevated surface;  safety belts or full body harnesses with related equipment;  horizontal life lines;  control zones.

Nothing in this safe work procedure may contravene any applicable act or regulation.




NOTE: Refer to OH&S Regulations 2009, Parts X - Fall Protection - and Xl Scaffolds, Stages and Work Platforms- for specific requirements.


Fall Restraint

Restraint protection is rigged to allow the movement of employees only as far as the sides and edge of the walking/working surface. Temporary anchorage points used for fall restraint must be engineered to be capable of supporting four times the intended load, with a minimum strength requirement of-364 kg (800 1b).

*       Work within the confines of a perimeter (standard) guardrail.

*       Wear an approved safety belt or harness attached to securely rigged restraint lines where:

*       safety belt and/or harness conform to all CSA (Canadian Standards Association) Standards o rope-grab devices must be used in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations and instructions.

0 Inspect fall restraint components before each use for wear, damage and other deterioration. Remove defective components from service when the component's function or strength has been adversely affected.

*      fall restraint components must be compatible

*      Tie restraint lines, independently of other lines, to the anchorage point.


Fall Arrest

o         Employees exposed to a free fall distance of 3 m (1 Oft) or more (without restraint) must wear fall arresting equipment, using a full-body harness system.

o         Inspect components of the fall arrest system before each use for wear, damage and other deterioration. Defective components are removed from service when the components' function or strength has been adversely affected.

*       Fall arrest equipment must meet the minimum criteria:

O Hardware used must be drop-forged, pressed or formed steel, with a cot Torsion-resistant finish, with surfaces and edges smooth to prevent damage to the attached body harness or lanyard;

*       Vertical life-lines securely fastened to anchor points, or must be attached to a static line that is securely fastened to anchorage points and that is capable of withstanding either the maximum load likely to be imposed on the anchorage point or a load of 22.2 kilonewtons, whichever is the greater

*       Horizontal life-lines must be 12 mm diameter wire rope with a manufacture specified breaking strength of at least 89 kg (20000 pounds); o Increase the above forces by 25% if two workers are connected to the same horizontal static line.

*       Lanyards must comply with CSA Standard Z259.11 "Energy Absorbers and Lanyards" o Body harness components must be CSA-approved, complying with CSA Standard Z259.10 "Full Body Harnesses".

General Practices for Use of Fall Arrest Equipment:

                    Secure full-body harness systems to anchorage points capable of supporting 2272 k (50001b)

O Protect safety lines and lanyards against cuts or abrasion.

o         Limit the free fall distance (through rigging) to a maximum of I .22 m (4 ft) without a shock absorber or 6 1 2 ft with a shock absorber.





Only one employee may be attached to any one vertical lifeline.

o         Connect only one snap hook to any one D-ring.

o         Snap hooks must not be connected to one another.


The use of a Control Zone is prohibited on a surface where the slope exceeds 4 vertical and 12 Horizontal or for scaffold erection and removal.

A Control Zone is used for leading edge or fixed edge work where:

o         a minimum distance from the edge of 2 m (6.5 ft) is used to protect employees not wearing fall arrest or fall restraint equipment; NOTE: The Control Zone should be expanded during adverse condition, (e.g. slippery roof) or when working at an additional elevation within the "Safe Zone" (e.g. on a step ladder)

employees working within the "control zone" must be using appropriate fall arrest or fall restraint equipment if work is to be conducted inside the Control Zone warning lines must be installed to identify the Control Zone. The lines must be highly visible and maintained at a height of between 0.85 m and 1.15 m (34" and 45") at intervals not exceeding 1.8 m (6ft)


To ensure that our fall protection systems are ready and able to be used as intended, a program of inspection and maintenance will be followed:

l. Equipment manufacturer's instructions will be incorporated into the inspection and preventive maintenance procedures;

2.       All fall protection equipment will be inspected prior to each use by the user. At least one inspection per month will be documented using the checklists attached to this procedure.

3.       A documented inspection will be performed prior to the start of each project or at least annually, whichever is more frequent. The checklists contained at the end of this document shall be used to record the inspections;

4.       Any fall protection equipment subjected to an impact load such as a fall, will be removed from service immediately and inspected by a qualified person or sent back to the manufacturer for assessment;

5.       Equipment that is damaged or in need of maintenance will be tagged as unusable and will not be stored in the same area as serviceable equipment.


Ten Essential Principles for Users of Fall Arrest Systems (FAS)

1.       Inspect your equipment before every use.





Don and adjust your harness properly.

3.       Use your shock absorber or your shock-absorbing lanyard whenever possible.

4.       Connect all components of your FAS using only compatible connecting hardware.

5.       Attach your FAS only to a suitable anchorage.

6.       Keep your fall distance to a minimum.

7.       Consider the conditions of your workplace when choosing your equipment.

8.       Care for your equipment as you would care for yourself.

9.       Know the rescue procedure and equipment in case you should fall.

10.   Be properly trained to use any fall protection equipment.




Make sureemployees comply with fall protection instructions.

Identify workplace fall hazards through job hazard assessments.

Hold pre-job meetings to discuss the fall protection required.

Provide approved fall protection equipment, including fall restraint and fall arresting equipment.

Provide procedures for maintenance and inspection of fall protection equipment.

Provide or verify training in the use of fall restraint and fall arresting equipment. Maintain records.

Provide attachment points capable of withstanding the forces specified in these instructions.

Develop workplace specific written fall protection procedures.



The following checklist will be used to facilitate rescue planning in the event of a fall that has been arrested. A detailed rescue plan will be prepared based on the checklist requirements.

1.       Will someone see it happen?

-          Co-workers

-          Other trades

-          Public


2.       How will the worker call for help?

-          Voice

-          Whistle

-          Cell Phone

-          Other


3.       Who will the worker call?

-          Nearest co-worker

-          Supervisor/employer

-          Building owner/resident

-          Emergency services


4.       Is information available?

-          Emergency phone numbers

-          Site address

-          Directions and access for emergency services

-          Worker exact location at site


5.       How will rescue workers get to the worker?

-          Ladder

-          Keys to access building or roof

-          Elevator

-          Aerial equipment from the ground

-          Access from the roof or building window/floor


6.       What rescue equipment is needed?

-          Ladder

-          Rolling scaffold

-          Suspended access equipment

-          Ropes

-          Aerial ladder work

-          Boom truck

-          Scissor lift or zoom boom?

-          Specialized climbing or rappelling equipment


7.       What if the worker is injured?

-          Notify hospital or nearest medical clinic

-          Emergency medical responders on site as soon as possible

-          First aider at site


8.       How will the accident scene be protected?

-          Prevent further injury or incidents

-          Set up barriers

-          Identify witnesses

-          Preserve equipment as found


9.       Rescue service available?

-          Distance from site/travel time

-          Responders oriented to the location and work site

-          Special rescue skills (high-angle rescue) required

-          Special rescue skills available


10.   Other considerations?

-          Working alone for periods of sift

-          Language differences

-          Unusual building or terrain features impacting rescue

-          High winds likely/probable


Conduct regular workplace inspections to ensure that proper hazard controls are in place and working to minimize worker exposure to injury.

Health & Safety Representative

Review workplace specific written fall protection procedures prior to implementation and annually thereafter.

Develop an emergency response plan for each job to reflect the identified hazards and potential situations that might occur. This plan should include how high angel rescue will be accomplished.


Use workplace specific job procedures provided when working in fall hazard locations.

Control or restrict access, or apply engineering controls, if necessary, when working below or around others working overhead.

Understand the requirements and use of the Fall Protection System and fall restraint and fall arrest equipment. Use only supplied or approved equipment.

Understand the requirement for working on a leading or fixed edge.

Approved By: ________________ Date: _______________ Name: Ray Johnson (President)

Employee Review Record


Name (Print)                                               Signature                                                               Date





Harness Model/Name: _______________________________________________________________

Serial Number: _____________________________________________________________________

Date of Manufacturer: _______________________________________________________________

Lot Number: _______________________________________________________________________

Date of Purchase: ___________________________________________________________________

Comments: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


General Factors

Hardware: includes D-rings, buckles, keepers and back pads. Inspect for damage, distortion, sharp edges, burrs, cracks and corrosion.

_ Accepted         _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments



Webbing: Inspect for cuts, burns, tears, abrasions, frays, excessive soiling and discoloration.

-Accepted           _Rejected


Supportive Details & Comments



Stitching: Inspect for pulled or cut stitches.

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments



Labels: Inspect, making certain all labels are securely held in place and are legible.

_Accepted          _Rejected


Supportive Details & Comments


Other: _______________________________________________________________________________

__Accepted       _Rejected           Inspected By: ________________ Date: _________________________

Lanyards Annual Inspection Checklist

Lanyard Model/Name: _________________________________________________________________

Serial Number: _______________________________________________________________________

Date of Manufacturer: _________________________________________________________________

Lot Number: _________________________________________________________________________

Date of Purchase: _____________________________________________________________________

Comments: _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


General Factors

Hardware: (includes snap books, carabiners, adjusters, keepers, thimbles and D-rings). Inspect for damage, distortion, sharp edges, burrs, cracks, corrosion and proper operation.

_Accepted          _Rejected


Supportive Details & Comments



Webbing: Inspect for cuts, burns, tears, abrasions, frays, excessive soiling and discoloration.

_Accepted          _Rejected



Supportive Details & Comments



Stitching: Inspect for pulled or cut stitches.

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments



Synthetic Rope:Inspect for pulled or cut yarns, burns, abrasions, knots, excessive soiling and discoloration.

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments



Snap hooks / Carabiners Annual Inspection Checklist

Hook/Carabiner Model/Name _______________________________________________________

Serial Number ____________________________________________________________________

Date of Manufacturer ______________________________________________________________

Lot Number_______________________________________________________________________

Date of Purchase __________________________________________________________________

Comments ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

General Factors

Physical Damage: Inspect for cracks, sharp edges, burrs, deformities and locking operations.

_ Accepted         _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments _______________________________________________________

Excessive Corrosion: Inspect for corrosion, which affects the operation and/or the strength.

_ Accepted         _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments _______________________________________________________

Markings: Inspect and make certain marking(s) are legible.

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments ______________________________________________________

Overall Condition:________________________________________________________________

_Accepted          _Rejected

Inspected By: ________________________________ Date: _______________________________


Self-Retracting Lanyard/Lifeline Annual Inspection Checklist

Lanyard / Lifeline Model/Name ____________________________________________________

Serial Number __________________________________________________________________

Date of Manufacture _____________________________________________________________

Lot Number _____________________________________________________________________

Date of Purchase _________________________________________________________________

Comments ______________________________________________________________________



General Factors

Impact Indicator: Inspect indicator for activation (rupture of red stitching, elongated indicator, etc.)

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments _____________________________________________________

Screws/Fasteners:Inspect for damage and make certain all screws and fasteners are tight.

_Accepted          _Rejected

Housing:Inspect for distortion, cracks and other damage. Inspect anchoring loop for distortion or damage.

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments ______________________________________________________

Lanyard/Lifeline:Inspect for cuts, burns, tears, abrasion, frays, excessive soiling and discoloration

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments _______________________________________________________

Locking Action:Inspect for proper lock-up of brake mechanism.

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments ______________________________________________________

Retraction/Extension:Inspect spring tension by pulling lanyard out fully and allowing to retract fully (lifetime must be taut with no slack).

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments ______________________________________________________

Hooks/Carabiners:Inspect for physical damage, corrosion, proper orientation and markings

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments ______________________________________________________

Labels:Inspect, making certain all labels are securely held in place and are legible.

_Accepted          _Rejected

Supportive Details & Comments ______________________________________________________

Overall Condition _________________________________________________________________

_Accepted          _Rejected

Inspected By _________________________________ Date ______________________________





Harassment Policy

Policy Statement:

Cangro Services Limited in cooperation with our employees is committed to a healthy, harassment free work environment for all our employees. To this extent Cangro Services Limited has developed a companywide policy intended to prevent harassment of its employees and to deal quickly and effectively with any incidents that might occur



1.       To disturb persistently, torment, as with troubles or cares, bother continually, pester or persecute

2.       To trouble by repeated attacks, incursions, etc., as in war or hostilities, harry or raid



Harassment is any unwelcome physical, visual, or verbal conduct. It is against the law. It may include verbal or physical jokes, insults, threats, personal comments or innuendo. It may take the form of posters, pictures, graffiti, etc. It may involve touching, stroking, pinching or any unwelcome physical activity. Any behavior that insults or intimidates is harassment if a reasonable person should have known that the behavior was unwelcome.

The Newfoundland Human Rights Code protects everyone within provincial jurisdiction from harassment and other forms of discrimination on the basis of race, religion, sex (including pregnancy, and sexual orientation), marital status, physical disability, mental disability, political opinion, color or ethnic, national or social origin and age (in employment only, between the ages of nineteen and sixty-five).

Cangro Services Limited will not tolerate harassment on the basis of any of these protected grounds.


If you are being sexually harassed:

1.       Tell the individual his/her behavior is unwelcome and ask him/her to stop. Give the harasser an opportunity to end the harassment

2.       Keep a record of incidents. You do not have to have a record of events to file a complaint, but a record can strengthen your case and help you remember details over time.

3.       Report the problem and file a complaint to Raymond Johnson (President) of Cangro Services Ltd.


You also have the right to file a complaint with the Newfoundland Human Rights Commission. A complaint has to be filed with the commission within six months of the last incident.


Dealing with the Complaint:

1.       Once the complaint is received, an investigation will be undertaken immediately and all necessary steps taken to resolve the problem.

2.       The complaint and the alleged harasser will both be interviewed along with individuals who may be able to provide relevant information.

3.       If the investigation reveals evidence to support the complaint of harassment, the harasser will be disciplined appropriately. Discipline may include suspension or dismissal and the incident will be documented in the harassment section of the records file.

4.       If the investigation fails to find evidence to support the complaint, there will still be documentation concerning the complaint placed in the file of the alleged harasser. Any complaints that have lost opportunity for job advancement, promotion, and wage raise, etc., do to sexual harassment will have his/her qualifications reexamined in a fair, unbiased manner.


Responsibility of Management

It is the responsibility of the manger or any person within Cangro Services Limited to take immediate and appropriate action to report and deal with incidents of harassment when brought to their attention or personally observed. Under no circumstances should a legitimate complaint be dismissed or down played or the complaint told to deal with it personally.

Cangro Services Limited seeks to provide a safe healthy and rewarding work environment for its employees. Harassment will not be tolerated within this company. If you feel you have been harassed, contact us, we want to hear from you.


Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)




Hazard Assessment Policy


Cangro Services Limited is committed to identifying and removing or controlling hazards. The hazard reporting system is a worker-oriented process. Workers are in the best position to identify the hazards in the workplace because they are the ones who perform the work. Workers act as a second set of eyes for supervisors.

The purpose of the hazard assessment is to spot any hazards before they become an accident. In many cases the hazard cannot be fully eliminated, however, controls can be put in place to ensure the task will be completed in the safest possible manner. These assessments can also be used as a form of education by discussing the assessment with the workers (toolbox meetings). This will provide information to all the workers on how to control hazards and enable the workers to discuss methods on how to improve these controls or implement them on other job sites.


A hazard is defined as a condition or practice with the potential for accidental loss.

Severity:Derived from the loss most likely to occur as a wrongful performance of a task.

Probability:The loss likely to occur whenever a particular task is performed and is influenced by: hazardousness, difficulty, complexity, and chance.

Hazard Priority Ranking = Probability X Severity


Worker Responsibilities:

1.       Report any perceived hazard verbally to the site supervisor. Any reported hazards will be kept in the records folder in the safety section located in the main office.

2.       Provide recommendations to the supervisor on how to eliminate or control the hazard.

3.       If the supervisor does not respond to your concern you are to inform management.




Supervisor Responsibilities

1.       Discuss the hazard and controls with the worker and complete the Hazard Assessment From.

2.       Respond to the worker’s concern by the next shift, however, any immediate risk will be dealt with right away.

3.       Ensure that the form details the action or non-action which will be taken.

4.       Provide a copy of the completed Hazard Assessment Form to management.


Management Responsibilities

1.       Ensure action is taken to address the hazard identified.

2.       Initialize and date the hazard Assessment Form.

3.       Ensure follow-up for corrective action is completed and evaluated.


Hazard Assessment will be conducted at least once a month by a management personal and / or a supervisor with the help of the workers using the appreciate hazard assessment sheet.

Deficiencies noted during the hazard assessment will be noted in the “comment” section with recommendations for correction, name of the person who will be responsible for correction and expected date for correction. Management will be notified immediately of any problems that are detected.

Issues that have been identified during the assessment will be evaluated to determine severity.

The results of the most recent hazard assessment will be posted on the bulletin board located in the main office. Completed hazard assessments will be forwarded to the worker representative for record keeping purposes.

Completed hazard assessments reports will be forwarded to the worker representative for record keeping purposes. These records will be kept in the safety section in the filing cabinet in the company’s main office.

Informal Hazard Assessments will be conducted on a daily basis on all job sites prior to work commencing. All hazards will be dealt with accordingly.

The hazard assessment process consists of the following components

-          Identification of critical hazards

-          Assessment of the hazard

-          Documentation and prioritization of critical hazards

-          Completion of action plan with recommendations for corrective action, including reasonable target dates

-          Provide copies of the assessment form to the manager responsible to ensuring recommendations are adequate and implemented

-          Follow-up to be provided as noted on assessment form, with a report to site occupational health and safety committee

-          Provide awareness information to employees, contractors and the general public



The table below acts as a guide for users of the hazard assessment. It defines what severity and probability are, how they are rated in the hazard assessment, and how the hazard assessment itself is evaluated.

Severity is rated from one through four:

1.       No injury or lost time– First aid injury or illness, insignificant property damage

2.       Minor Injury– Medical aid injury, minor injury or illness, minor property damage

3.       Lost Time Injury– Serious injury/illness, no permanent disability, significate damage

4.       Permanent Disability– Permanent disability, fatality, loss of structure


Any hazard that has a rating of four is automatically a number one priority.


Probability is ranked from one through three:

1.       Low– probability of loss occurring (improbable)

No additional controls are required unless they can be implemented at very low cost (in terms of time, money, and effort). Actions to further reduce these risks are assigned low priority. Arrangements should be made to ensure that the controls are maintained.


2.       Moderate– probability of loss occurring (possible)

Consideration should be as to whether the risks can be lowered, where applicable, to a tolerable level and preferably to an acceptable level, but the costs of additional risk reduction measures should be taken into account. The risk reduction measures should be implemented within a defined time period. Arrangements should be made to ensure that controls are maintained, particularly if the risk levels area associated with harmful consequences.


3.       High– Probability of loss occurring (likely)

Substantial efforts should be made to reduce the risk. Risk reduction measures should be implemented urgently within a defined time period and it might be necessary to consider suspending or restricting the activity, or to apply interim risk control measures, until this has been completed. Considerable resources might have to be allocated to additional control measures. Arrangements should be made to ensure that controls are maintained, particularly if the risk levels are associated with extremely harmful consequences and very harmful consequences.


Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)








Date of assessment:

Conducted By:



Level of Risk

Controls in Place



And When


Control Put

In Place














































Hazard Ranking: Serious 1,2,3,4,5 Acceptable     Extreme 6,7,8,9,10 Acceptable       11,12 Unacceptable

                                                                                                                                                   Additional Comments: _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Investigation Policy


Cangro Services Limited will formally investigate all accident/incident that may cause injury to a worker that results in that worker losing time from work. Any accident/incident that may result in $ 500.00 or more damage to the company’s property will also be investigated. All accident/incidents that result in injury to a person employed with Cangro Services Limited or damages to a person’s property not owned by Cangro Services Limited will be formally investigated. Any accident/incident that does not fall into this policy will be investigated in an informal matter.

The purpose of these investigations is to determine the cause of these incidents so that appropriate action can be taken to prevent recurrence of the accident/incident in question. This in turn will result in a safer working environment for the worker and make the company safer as a whole.


Accident:An undesired, unplanned event arising out of employment which results in physical injury or damage to property.

Incident:Event which did not result in injury or damage but had the potential to do so.

Lost Time Injury:A work related injury where medical attention is required and the worker loses time from work.

Medical Aid:A work related injury where medical attention is required but there is no lost time from work other than the day of injury.

First Aid:A work related injury that is defined as a one-time treatment for minor scratches, cuts, burns, splinters and so forth. Can be treated by a Certified First Aider.


1.       Employees must report to their immediate manager/supervisor physical injury or property damage following an accident or an incident prior to leaving the workplace (if possible)

2.       Ensure the following forms are completed:

Where an injury has occurred:

A.      Form 7 – Employer’s Report of Injury

B.      Form 6 – Worker’s Report of Injury

C.      Accident/Incident Investigation Form

Where an injury has NOT occurred:

A.      Accident/Incident Investigation Form


The report will include:

1.       A description of the accident/incident

2.       An analysis of the actions and conditions that resulted in the accident/incident

3.       Witness testimony (if applicable)

4.       A plan of action (Recommendations)



1.       When advised of an accident, injury, incident or property damage, the owner and/or manager must initiate an investigation to determine the “root” cause and take corrective action to eliminate similar accidents or incidents.

2.       The manger must report to WHSCC within 3 days of becoming aware of a work-related medical aid or lost time accident.

3.       In case of fatality or serious injury the Department of Government Services must be notified immediately. (serious injuries are outlined in Section 54 of the Occupational Health and Safety Act).

4.       In cases of a reported accident or incident, the manager/supervisor must determine the loss (or potential for loss) using “Probability of Occurrence” and “Potential If Not Corrected” scale.


Probability of Occurrence

Potential If Not Corrected

Major – Permanent Disability

High – Very likely to occur

Medium – Lost time injury or damage

Medium – Likely to occur

Minor – No injury or damage

Minor – Not likely to occur


These incidents will be investigated by a management personal and/or the supervisor in charge at that time.


A follow-up evaluation will be conducted approximately one month after the accident/incident has been investigated to ensure the corrective measures are effective.

Signed: ___________________________________ Date: ______________________________

Title: President (Raymond Johnson)


Incident Investigation Report                     Report Date __________             Report Time____________

Who is involved?

What Happened?_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

When?                 Date ___________________      Time__________________


What were the immediate causes?


What were the underlying causes?


What training, instruction, cautions, were given before the incident?


How can similar incidents be prevented in the future?


Recommendations for further action:


Person in Charge: ______________________ Signed: __________________________


Maintenance Policy


Cangro Services Limited is committed to the safety to its workers by providing a safe environment to work in. The way we intend to achieve this is through regular maintenance on our tools and equipment.

The purpose of regular maintenance is to ensure that all tools and equipment are operating properly and safely. This will prolong the life of all the tools and equipment but most importantly ensures the safety to all the workers within the company.


1.       All tool and equipment shall be properly checked before each use to ensure that they are operating correctly

2.       Any tool or equipment that poses a hazard due to need of repair shall be taken out of service until the required repairs have been performed.

3.       Any tool or piece of equipment that is damaged beyond repair must be disposed in a proper manner to eliminate any other worker from using that tool or equipment.

4.       All tools and equipment will be examined during the winter months and all necessary repairs will be conducted to ensure that everything is running properly at the start of every new season.

5.       All repairs to the tools and equipment will be properly logged and copies will be kept in the appropriate sections in the safety section in company’s main office.



Signed: _____________________________ Date: __________________________

Title: President (Raymond Johnson)

Signed: _____________________________ Date: __________________________

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)


Occupational Health and Safety Policy

Cangro Services Limited is committed to preventing the accidental loss of any of its resources, including employees and physical assets.

In fulfilling this commitment to protect both people and property, management will provide and maintain a safe and healthy work environment, in accordance with industry standards and in compliance with legislative requirements and will strive to eliminate any foreseeable hazards which may result in property damage, accidents, or personal injury/illness.

Our company intends to achieve this by providing adequate education and training to its workers as necessary. Also, we use pre-job check list to ensure that all tools and equipment are in working order prior to each use.  We make use of meetings (tool box, site, etc.) to obtain information from management, supervisors and employees on how to make each worksite safe and incident free.  We perform inspections on all our worksites to uncover any hazard before an accident and make certain that all necessary controls are in place before any work is performed.

We recognize that the responsibility for health and safety are shared. All employees will be equally responsible for minimizing accidents within our facilities and on our work sites. Safe work practices and job procedures will be clearly defined in the company’s Health and Safety Manual for all employees to follow.

Accidental loss can be controlled through good management in combination with active employee involvement. Safety is the direct responsibility of all managers, supervisors, employees and contractors and is reviewed with OH & S Committee.

All management activities will comply with company safety requirements as they relate to planning, operation and maintenance of facilities and equipment. All employees will perform their jobs properly in accordance with established procedures and safe work practices.


Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)





Personal Protective Equipment Policy


Cangro Services Limited is committed to the safety of its workers. One way we intend to achieve this is to ensure that all employees are wearing the proper safety equipment at all times.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is used to create a protective barrier between the worker and hazards in the workplace. PPE includes such equipment as gloves, safety boots, protective clothing, safety glasses, respirators, etc. Personal protective equipment is not a replacement for good engineering controls, administrative controls or work practices. Rather, PPE should be used in conjunction with these controls to ensure the health and safety of employees. Many injuries, both short and long term can be prevented by the worker following a few simple rules and wearing their personal protective equipment properly. Cangro Services Limited can only supply and encourage the workers to wear their personal protective equipment. Ultimately it is up to the worker to wear the equipment and to protect themselves.


PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT – Any devices or clothing worn by the worker to protect themselves against hazards in the environment. Examples are Hard Hat, Safety Vest, Respirators, Gloves and Safety Goggles/Glasses.


The following are the rules set by Cangro Services Limited regarding the use of personal protective equipment:

1.       All proper safety equipment must be worn by the worker prior to the worker starting a task.

2.       Safety vest must be worn by all workers at all times on the job site and on company property.

3.       Safety boots must be worn by workers at all times on the job site and on company property.

4.       It is the responsibility of the worker to provide basic safety equipment such as hard hat, safety vest, gloves and safety boots.

5.       All safety glasses and specialized safety equipment for specialized jobs will be provided by the company (example: Fall Arrest Devices). This may also include some of the equipment on the above list.

6.       Proper clothing must be worn by workers at all times. Baggy clothes and short pants or shorts will not be tolerated.


All safety equipment listed above must be CSA approved and comply with the Newfoundland and Labrador Occupational Health and Safety Act, Regulations and Codes of Practice.



The following chart can be used by workers to further understand how and when to use PPE’s properly.



HEADfrom falling objects, bumps

Harmful substances, such as chemicals

Contact with energized equipment

Industrial protective headwear that

Complies with CSA standards

EYEfrom exposure to radiant energy (sun,

Welding flash), flying particles such as slag

From welding, chipping, grinding or sandblasting,

Splashing liquids such as caustics and acids, harmful

Airborne chemicals or particles etc.

Properly fitting eye protective equipment

Appropriate to the work being done and the

Hazard involved that complies with CSA


HEARINGfrom a sudden, loud noise, exposure over

85 decibels

Hearing protection that complies with CSA


HANDfrom extreme temperatures, motion

Causing scrapes, abrasions, or punctures,

Chemical caustics and/or acids, biological

Organisms such as bacteria, viruses or fungi,

Any source of electrical power, etc.

Properly fitting hand, arm or body

Protective equipment appropriate to the

Work being done and the nature of hazard

FOOTfrom impact i.e. an object falling on the foot,

Compression i.e. an object squeezing the foot,

Punctures i.e. a sharp object piercing the foot,

Burns i.e. hot material such as molten metal,

Electrical shocks, etc.


Safety footwear appropriate to the nature of

The hazard associated with the particular

Work practice and that complies with CSA


RESPIRATORY SYSTEMfrom an oxygen deficiency

Hazard, toxic or disease producing contaminants

Including dust, gases and fumes etc. (See Respiratory

Code of Practice)

Respiratory protection that complies with

CSA standards

BODYfrom falls

Use of fall arresting devices

CLOTHINGfrom natural elements, fire, work

Processes etc.

Dangling neckwear, rings, chains etc., are

Prohibited when working around

Machinery or energized sources





It is the manger’s responsibility to:

1.       Ensure that the proper PPE’s are available for all workers to complete their task safely.

2.       Ensure the worker is properly trained on how to use the PPE’s.

3.       Promote and to encourage the workers to wear their PPE’s.



It is the supervisor’s responsibility to:

1.       Ensure the worker is properly trained on how to use the PPE’s.

2.       Promote and to encourage the workers to wear their PPE’s.

3.       Report to management if workers are not wearing the proper PPE’s.



It is the worker’s responsibility to:

1.       Ensure that they are wearing their PPE’s properly.

2.       Promote and to encourage other workers to wear their PPE’s.

3.       Report to supervisor/manager if workers are not wearing their PPE’s properly.



Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)





General Information

Safety footwear is designed to protect against foot hazards in the workplace. Safety footwear protects against compression, puncture injuries and impact.

Safety footwear is divided into three grades which are indicated by colored tags and symbols.

The tag color tells the amount of resistance the toe will supply to different weights dropped from different heights.

The symbol indicates the strength of the sole. For example, a triangle means puncture-resistant sole able to withstand 135 kg (300 ft lbs.) of pressure without being punctured by a 5 cm (2 inch) nail. For more information, look at CSA Standard “protective footwear” Z195-M1981.

In construction, it is recommended that only the green triangle grade of footwear, which also gives ankle support, be used.

Your choice of protective footwear should always over protect, not under protect.


-          Choose footwear according to job hazard and CSA Standards

-          Lace up boot and tie laces securely, boots don’t protect if they are a tripping hazard or fall off

-          Use a protective boot dressing to help the boot last longer and provide greater water resistant (wet boots conduct current)

-          Choose a high cut boot to provide ankle support (less injuries).



-          Wear defective safety footwear (i.e. exposed steel toe caps).

-          Under protect your feet or modify safety footwear.



General Information

Body belts and harnesses are used in construction to provide workers working at heights above ground level with freedom of movement and protection from falls. These devices will arrest a fall and absorb some of the shock of the fall. The systems are usually worn around the body and attached to a lanyard, fall arresting device or rope grab. Better quality systems usually have some form of shock absorber in the system.

A lifeline should never be used as a service line. The only time a lifeline becomes a load bearing line is in the event of a fall. At all other times it should be just slack enough to permit free movement on the service lines.

In the construction industry, fully body harness systems used with a shock absorber are preferred over waist safety belts.

It is very important to get quality advice in the selection, purchase and maintenance of your fall arresting equipment.

See CSA Standard:

-          “Fall Arresting Safety Belts and lanyards for the Construction and mining industries” Z259.1-1981.

-          “Fall Arresting Devices, Personal Lowering Devices and Life Lines” Z259.2-M1979 and

-          “Linesman Body Belt and Linesman Safety Strap” Z259.3-M1978



-          Obtain expert advice before purchasing a fall arresting device

-          Properly train and practice with the system you decide to use

-          Using webbing type harnesses instead of leather harnesses

-          Use only the manufacturer’s components for replacement parts

-          Inspect carefully before each use (inspection to be performed by a trained worker)

-          Have the harness fitted snugly to the worker using the system

-          Ensure that the anchor points are secure and able to support the load in the event of a fall

-          Follow the manufacture’s instructions on care and use

-          Ensure all lines used with the systems have thimbles

-          Use only the proper safety rated fastenings with the system

-          Use a full body harness with shock absorber whenever possible



-          Modify, change or put additional holes in the harness or hardware

-          Jerry-rig the system

-          Use the system for any other than its intended use

-          Use the lifeline for a service line




General Information

Due to the nature of the construction workplace and the number of different hazards, it is not possible to cover specialized limb and body protection in detail. These types of hazards are known as “job exposures” (exposure to fire, temperature extremes, body impacts, corrosives, molten metals, cuts from sharp or abrasive materials). PPE in the category would be items such as:

-          Leg, arm, chin and belly guards

-          Specialty hand pads and grips

-          Leather aprons and leggings

-          Full body suits

-          Flame and chemical resistant clothing and

-          Various types of plastic boot cover and overshoes

For more information on the type of specialty PPE you require, check your local Department of Environment and Labor Office. With all PPE, following the manufacturer’s instructions on its use, care and cleaning is critical and will help you get the full-service life from your specialty PPE.

Hand PPE (Gloves and Mitts)

PPE for the hands include: finger guards, thimbles and cots, hand pads, mitts, gloves and barrier creams. Choose hand PPE that will protect against chemicals, scrapes, abrasions, heat and cold, punctures and electrical shocks.


PPE for the hands come in many forms, each designed to protect against certain hazards. Gloves most commonly used in the construction industry are made from leather, cotton, rubber, synthetic rubbers and other man-made materials, or combinations of materials.

Vinyl coated or leather gloves are good for providing protection while handling wood or metal objects. When selecting hand PPE, keep the following in mind: look for anything at the job-site that may be a hazard to the hands. If gloves are to be used, select the proper type for the job to be done. Inspect and maintain hand PPE regularly. If in doubt about the selection or need for glove or hand PPE, consult your safety supplier or Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).



-          Inspect hand PPE for defects before use

-          Wash all chemicals and fluids off gloves before removing them

-          Ensure that gloves fir properly

-          Use the proper hand PPE for the job

-          Follow manufacturer’s instructions on the care and use of the hand PPE you are using

-          Ensure exposed skin is covered (no gap between the sleeve and the hand PPE).




-          Wear gloves when working with moving machinery (gloves can get tangled or caught)

-          Wear hand PPE with metal parts near electronical equipment

-          Use gloves or hand protection that is worn out or defective




General Information

Respiratory protection falls into two major categories. The first is Air Purifying Respirators (APRs) which are particle (dust) chemical cartridges but NO visor plate. The second category is Atmosphere Supply Respirators, including self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), air line systems and protective suits that completely enclose the worker and incorporate a life support system.

Only APRs will be dealt with here. The second category of respirators requires much more specific information and training. If you need to use Atmosphere Supplying Respirators, you should get expert advice.


There are two basic types of APRs:

-          Disposable fiber type with or without charcoal or chemical filter “buttons” and

-          The reusable rubber face mask type with disposable or rechargeable cartridges


The choice depends on your job, labor cost, and your maintenance facility.

It’s important to remember that APRs are limited to areas where there is enough oxygen to support life. APRs don’t supply or make oxygen.

The service life is affected by the type of APR wearer breathing demand and the concentration of airborne contaminants. When an APR is required, consult the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or supplier for the exact specifications for the APR.

Facial hair can prevent a good seal and fit of an APR: One to three days growth is the worst. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to the letter regarding the mask, filters, cartridges and other components. Workers who must use respiratory protection should be clean shaven.

An APR is only as good as its seal and its ability to filter out the contaminants it was designed to filter.


Combination Respirators

This type of APR combines separate chemical and mechanical filters. This allows for the change of the different filters when one of them becomes plugged or exhausted before the other filter (usually the dust filter plugs up before the chemical filter). This type of respirator is suitable for most spray painting and welding. For more information check the:

-          Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)

-          The local Department of Environment and Labor office or

-          The safety equipment supplier


For more information look at the:

-          Occupational Health and Safety Act, Regulations and Code of Practices

-          CSA Standards “Compressed Breathing Air” Z 180.1 – M1978

-          “Selection, Care and Use of Respirators” Z 94.4 – M1982



-          Train workers very carefully in the APRs use, care and limitations

-          Ensure that respirators are properly cleaned and disinfected after each shift, according to the manufacturer’s instructions

-          Dispose of exhausted cartridges and masks in sealed bags or containers

-          Keep new, unused filters separate from old, used filters

-          Monitor APR use; they are useless just hung around the neck

-          Replace filters when breathing becomes difficult.



-          Use for protection against materials which are toxic in small amounts

-          Use materials that are highly irritating to the eyes

-          Use with gases that can’t be detected by odor or throat irritation

-          Use with gases not effectively halted by chemical cartridges regardless of concentration (read the cartridge label)

-          Use respirators or masks if the serviceability is in doubt

-          Use APRs where oxygen content in the air is less than 18% or 18 kilopascals (partial pressure or greater)




General Information

This PPE is designed to protect the worker from such hazards as:

-          Flying objects and particles

-          Molten metals

-          Splashing liquids and

-          Ultraviolet, infrared and visible radiation (welding)


The second type, “face protection” include:

-          Metal mesh face shields for radiant heat or hot and humid conditions

-          Chemical and impact resistant (plastic) face shields

-          Welders shields or helmets with specified cover and

-          Filter plates and lens


Hardened glass prescription lens and sport glasses are not an acceptable substitute for proper, required industrial safety eye protection.

Comfort and fit are very important in the selection of safety eyewear. Lens coatings, venting or fittings may be needed to prevent fogging or to fit with regular prescription eyeglasses.

Contact lens should NOT be worn at the work-site. Contact lens may trap or absorb particles or gases causing eye irritation or blindness. Hard contact lens may break into the eye when hit.

Basic eye protection should be worn with face shields. Face shields alone often aren’t enough to fully protect the eyes from work hazards. When eye and face protection are required, advice from the O.H. & S. office, Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) or your supplier will help in your selection.

For more information, look at:

-          Occupational Health and Safety Act, Regulations and Code of Practices

-          CSA Standard “Industrial Eye and Face Protectors” Z 94.3 – M1982.




-          Ensure your eye protection fits properly (close to the face)

-          Clean safety glasses daily or more often if needed

-          Store safety glasses in a safe, clean, dry place when not in use

-          Replace pitted, scratched, bent and poorly fitted PPE (damaged face/eye protection interferes with vision and will not provide the protection it was designed to deliver).



-          Modify eye/face protection

-          Use eye/face protection which does not have a CSA certification (CSA stamp for safety glasses is usually on the frame inside the temple near the hinges of the glasses).



Welders and welders’ helpers should also wear the prescribed equipment. Anyone else working in the area should also wear eye protection where there is a chance they could be exposed to a flash.



General Information

Hearing protection is designed to reduce the level of sound energy reaching the inner ear.

The “rule of thumb” for hearing protection is: use hearing protection when you can’t carry on a conversation at a normal volume of voice when you are three feet apart.

Remember, this is only a rule of thumb. Any sound over 80 dba requires hearing protection. Hearing loss can be very gradual, usually happening over a number of years.

The most common types of hearing protection in the construction industry are earplugs and earmuffs. If you choose to use the other types of hearing protection, ask your safety supplier or Department of Environment and Labor office for further information.

It is important to have different styles of hearing protection available. Different styles allow a better chance of a good fit. Each person’s head, ear shape and size are different. One style may not fit every person on your crew. If hearing PPE does not fit properly or is painful to use, the person will likely not use it. If the hearing protection is not properly fitted, it will not supply the level of protection it was designed to deliver.

Most earplugs, if properly fitted, generally reduce noise to the point where it is comfortable (takes the sharp edge off the noise).

If your hearing protection does not take the sharp edge off the noise, or if workers have ringing, pain, headaches or discomfort in the ears, your operation requires the advice of an expert.

Workers should have their hearing tested at least every year, twice a year if they work in a high noise area.

CSA Standard “Hearing Protectors” Z94.2 M1984



General Information

Safety headwear is designed to protect the head from impact from falling objects, bumps, splashes, from chemicals or harmful substances and contact with energized objects and equipment.

In construction, the recommended type of protective headwear is the Class B hard hat which has the required “dielectric strength”. There are many designs but they all must meet the CSA requirements for Class B industrial head protection.

Most head protection is made up of two parts:

-          The shell (light and rigid to deflect blows)

-          The suspension (to absorb and distribute the energy of the blow)


Both parts of the headwear must be compatible and maintained according to manufacturer’s instructions. If attachments are used with headgear, they must be designed specifically for use with the specific headwear used. Bump caps are not considered a helmet.

Inspection and Maintenance

Proper care is required for headgear to perform efficiently. The service life is affected by many factors including temperature, chemicals, sunlight and ultraviolet radiation (welding). The usual maintenance for headgear is simply washing with a mild detergent and rinsing thoroughly.


-          Replace headgear that is pitted, holed, cracked or brittle

-          Replace headgear that has been subjected to a blow even though damage cannot be seen

-          Remove from service any headgear if its serviceability is in doubt

-          Replace headgear and components according to manufacturer’s instructions

-          Consult the Department of Environment and Labor or your supplier for information on headgear



-          Drill, remove peaks, alter the shell or suspension in any way

-          Use solvents or paints on the shells (makes shells “break down”)

-          Put chin straps over the brims of Class B headgear

-          Use any liner that contains metal or conductive material

-          Carry anything in the hard hat while wearing the hard hat




Training Required

At Cangro Services Limited, no employee is permitted to operate any equipment or use any tool or device that has the capacity of encroaching on a power line without having first completed a safety training program on power line hazards and having reviewed and signed-off on the specific procedure to be followed.

Hazard Identification

Electrical power may be in the form of high voltage transmission lines running from generating stations to substations, distribution lines that run through neighborhoods and jobsites, and service drops running from poles to utility customers.

The Hazard Assessment process will be used to determine whether overhead or underground power hazards are present and likely to create a risk based on proximity to the work site or by nature of the equipment, tools and activities at the site.

High-risk equipment and activities when working around power lines include:

-          Heavy Equipment

1.       Cranes

2.       Drilling and Digging Equipment

3.       Boom Trucks

4.       Dump Trucks

-          Long-handled tools

-          Ladders

-          Aerial lift platforms

-          Scaffolds

-          Material Handling and Storage



To eliminate inadvertent power line contacts, we will identify what equipment and activities are at high-risk and ensure that proper procedures are followed to eliminate or minimize the risks.

We will ensure that at least the minimum applicable distance specified in the following table is maintained between exposed, energized high voltage electrical equipment and conductors and a worker, work, tool, machine, equipment or material.

Voltage Phase to Phase

Minimum Distance

Over 750 V to 75 KV

3 Meters

Over 75 K V to 250 KV

4.5 Meters

Over 250 KV to 550 KV

6 Meters


Where necessary, we will accurately determine the voltage of energized electrical equipment or conductors and the minimum distance from it required by regulations. The power utility company will be contacted for the required information.

Where the minimum distance cannot be maintained because of the circumstances of work or the inadvertent movement of people or equipment, a written permit signed by a representative of the power utility will be required before work may proceed.

The written permit will spell out the precautions to be taken while work is in progress:

-          Electrical conductors may be rerouted away from the work area

-          The power lines and or equipment may be de-energized, isolated (locked-out) and grounded by the utility company

-          The power lines and or equipment may be visually identified and guarded in a manner prescribed by the power utility. Where guarding is used:

-          Neither equipment nor an employee should touch the guarding and

-          A safety watch shall be designated to ensure encroachment does not take place


Material Handling and Storage

We will not permit material to be piled, stored or handled, a scaffold to be erected or dismantled or mobile crane, boom truck or similar equipment to operate in an area where overhead or underground conductors are located that are capable of energizing the material, mobile equipment or it load unless we have obtained in writing the voltage and minimum clearance distance required by the power utility.

Using the area underneath power lines for storage of materials is an invitation for disaster. By avoiding these unsafe storage locations, we can reduce or even eliminate the chances of an inadvertent power line contact.

Occupational Safety and Health Regulations

Regulations for working around power lines (overhead and underground) and other sources of electricity can be found in the 2009, Newfoundland and Labrador Regulation 70/09. These are provincial laws that must be followed and provide the minimum level of acceptable safety for a complete understanding of safe operations while working around power lines.

Nothing in this procedure may contravene the above-mentioned regulations


Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)


Employee Review Record


Name (Print)



































Cangro Services Limited is committed to a strong safety program that protects its staff, its property and the public from accidents.

Employees from every level, including management, are responsible and accountable for the company’s overall safety initiatives. Complete and active participation by everyone, every day, in every job is necessary for the safety excellence the company expects. Management supports coordination of safety among all workers on the job site.

Management supports participation in the program by all employees and provides proper equipment, training and procedures. Also, this company is committed to cooperate with the Occupational Health and Safety committee in carrying out their responsibility for workplace health and safety.

Employees are responsible for following all procedures, working safely and wherever possible, improving safety measures.

An injury and accident free workplace is our goal. Through continuous safety and loss control effort, we can accomplish this.


NOTE: The safety information in this policy does not take precedence over the Occupational Health and Safety Act. All employees should be familiar with the Occupational Health and Safety Act. (A copy in binder located in the office.)


Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)



Title: Workers

Signed: __________________________                Signed: ___________________________

Signed: __________________________                Signed: ___________________________

Signed: __________________________                Signed: ___________________________

Signed: __________________________                Signed: ___________________________

Signed: __________________________                Signed: ___________________________

Signed: __________________________                Signed: ___________________________



Time and location: ____________________________    Date: ____________________________

Name of employee: ___________________________


Non-Compliance Issues / Items:






Disciplinary Action

This notice is to inform you of a non-compliance act against Cangro Services Limited safety policy’s and or OH&S Act and Regulations. A copy of this violation report will be forwarded to manager and safety office and a copy will be placed in the employee’s personal file.

Disciplinary action will be based on the severity of the Non-Compliance Act.

First Offence _________________________________________________ Verbal Warning

Second Offence _______________________________________________ Written Warning

Third Offence _________________________________________________ Suspension & or Dismissal

Date Issued ___________________________________________________ D/M/Y


Supervisor Comments:

Date Received: ________________ D/M/Y          Received By _________________________________



Cangro ServicesLimited is committed to providing a standard of excellence to all aspects of the company. One way we intend to achieve this is to provide the opportunity for workers to participate in safety training courses. Safety is our number one priority and the best way to achieve safety excellence is through education.

The purpose of these training courses is to provide the necessary training to the workers to complete their jobs in the safest way possible. Cangro Services Limited is a diverse company and this requires us to educate our workers with a variety of different safety courses. We are a member of Newfoundland and Labrador Construction Safety Association where our training is provided and completed.


Cangro Services Limited will provide and ensure that all employees participate in the following safety training:

1.       Safety orientations for all new employees. These orientations will be conducted using the company’s orientation sheet and a copy will be kept in the “safety cabinet” in the main office

2.       All members of Cangro Services Limited will be required to have WHMIS training. Employees who do not have WJMIS training, will be provided with the training by the company

3.       Job specific training will be provided to the workers as required. Only workers with that specific training will be asked to do that particular job. (Example would be only workers with confined space entry will be asked to enter a confined space.)


Not all training courses will be provided by Cangro Services Limited, however, safety training outside the company by its employees is encouraged. Training courses such as First Aid and any other safety courses will be provided to designated employees as needed.

Copies of all safety training courses obtained by the employees at Cangro Services Limited are kept in the safety records section in the company’s safety file cabinet located in the building of the main office.

Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)



Aerosol cans

Danger in a red container

Compressed gas bottles

Fumes can be dangerous

Chemical handling



Explosions – avoid them

Radiography (XRAY)

Fire extinguishers

Welder safety


Fire Retardant Clothing

Save Your Fingers

Off the Job Safety

Gun Handling

Kitchen Fires

Loved Ones Want You Safe

Lawn Mower Safety

Swimming Safety

Boat Handling

Your Seatbelt

Driving Defensively

Water Safety Skills

Ladders in the Home

Xmas Tree Safety


Crane Signals

Ladder Climbing


Equipment Guards

Use of Hand Tools



Power Tools

Tripping Hazards


Unloading Trucks Safely

Scaffolds are not Playthings

Waste and Haste

Access and Egress


Fixtures and Fingers

Damage can be Controlled

Defective Equipment

Eyes are Worth Protecting

Grinding Wheels

Fumes can be Dangerous

Housekeeping at Work

Climbing Safety

Slips and Falls

Instructing Equip Operators

Machines can Maim

Hazards Around You

Care in Backing Up

Protective Clothing Pays Off

Don’t Abuse Tools

Vision and Eye Protection

Tips for Truck Drivers

Materials Handling

Leading in Safety

Demonstrate Safety

Explaining a Safety Rule

Goals Worth Working For

The Young Learn from You

Knowledge Never Hurts

Loss Control

First Aid Hints

Inspecting for Safety

Mistakes Can Mean Trouble

Investigating Thoroughly

No Second Chance

Attention Can Save a Life

Insurance Against Accidents

Analysis of an Accident


Job Safety Analysis

Benefits of Safety First


Betting Your Life

Judgement May Keep You Alive

Be a Safety Jury

Insurance and Injuries

Yellow Lines and Safety

Organizing a Safety Committee

Questions to Stimulate Safety

Teaching Safety

Treating an Open Wound

The Law of Safety

You are the Key Worker

Breathing Equipment

Company Rules

Proper Job Instruction

Safe Worker Awards


Signs for Safety

Tool Crib Accidents

Visual Safety Accidents

Watch the Main Issues

Safe Working Positions

Analyze the Unsafe Act

Rewards for Safety

On the Job Safety

Review of Recent Accidents

Review of Safe Work Practices

Review Procedures of Tasks











All sub-contractors working at any Cangro Services Limited work site shall, prior to starting work complete a Pre-job Hazard Assessment which identifies all hazards and insure the proper controls are put in place.

All sub-contractors shall have a Certificate or Recognition or be in receipt of a Letter of Good Standing from the Newfoundland and Labrador Construction Safety Association.

All sub-contractors shall have a Certificate or Insurance prior to working on a Cangro Services work site.

While working on Cangro Services Limited work sites, all sub-contractors must participate in all Work Site Safety Meetings.

While working on Cangro Services Limited work sites, all sub-contractors must provide us with copies of any documentation pertaining to any safety or injury related activity performed on the job site.

While working on Cangro Services Limited work sites all sub-contractors must abide by the rules, policies, and regulations set by Cangro Services Limited

All sub-contractors will provide documentation to Cangro Services Limited to verify compliance with this policy and the Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations.

Acknowledged By:

Sub-contractor Representative _________________________________

Sub-contractor Name ________________________________________

Date ______________________________________________________

NOTE: The safety information in this policy does not take precedence over the Occupational Health and Safety Act. All sub-contractors should be familiar with the Occupational Health and Safety Act.

Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)




This policy is intended to provide direction for the development of effective traffic control procedures to:

-          Protect workers and the motoring public by regulating traffic flow

-          Stop traffic whenever required by the progress of work, otherwise keep traffic moving at reduced speeds to avoid tie-ups and delays

-          Allow the work to proceed safely and efficiently

-          Ensure that the public traffic has priority over construction equipment

-          Facilitate the safe movement of vehicles and equipment within the work zone


This policy applies to all employees resulting in safer working environment for the Worker(s) and the Public.


Competent Worker:In relation to specific work, means a worker who;

-          Is qualified because of knowledge, training and experience to perform the work

-          Is familiar with the Occupational Health and Safety Act and with the provisions of the regulations that apply to the work, and

-          Has knowledge of all potential or actual dangers to health or safety in the work


Traffic Hazard Assessment:is for protection of the workers in a work zone involving a written description of the traffic hazards to which workers may be exposed and measures used to protect them.

Traffic control work is performed by a competent worker in compliance with the provisions of Cangro Services Limited’s policy and guidelines. Senior management shall ensure work can be carried out in accordance with legislative requirements, company policy and safe work procedures. A process is developed for evaluating work operations to determine where traffic control procedures are needed and approved by management. Appropriate machinery, equipment and protective devices (including clothing) needed to carry out work in accordance with legislative requirements and written safe working procedures are provided and maintained. General and specific training is provided to all workers involved in work that requires traffic control procedures to be used. A regular review of traffic control procedures is performed.


Supervisor(s) will:

-          Do a traffic hazard assessment, which is identifying hazards related to the specific road conditions and implement effective traffic control measures for the protection of workers

-          Evaluate and document work operations to determine where traffic control procedures, devices and training is required

-          Ensure that all employees under their supervision have the knowledge, skills and experience to do the assigned work and are provided both oral and written instructions prior to being assigned traffic control duties

-          Maintaining training records

-          Monitor workers to ensure procedures are followed and, when violations occur, take appropriate action

-          Ensure that all workers use or wear required personnel protective equipment and / or devices

-          Provide appropriate machinery, equipment and / or devices needed to carry out and ensure that all machinery, equipment and / or devices are in good working order

-          Assist management in the annual review of equipment status and purchasing needs as required

-          Ensure that operators of vehicles, machines and / or equipment are trained and, where necessary, hold a valid license or permit

-          Work in accordance with safe work procedures and specific traffic control plans

-          Follow established procedures in the event of an injury, accident or emergency


Health and Safety Committee will:

-          Provide assistance in identifying health and safety risks associated with vehicular traffic and traffic control procedures

-          Conduct investigations of serious accidents involving traffic control procedures or training which involve Cangro Services Limited workers; for the purpose of making recommendations for the improvement of traffic control plans, procedures and / or training



-          The traffic control person shall stand in a safe position, preferably on the driver’s side of the lane under the traffic control person’s control, be clearly visible, and have an unobstructed view of approaching traffic

-          Should be positioned at least 25 meters away from the work area unless circumstances or space requirements, including working at or near an intersection, dictate otherwise

-          Where two or more traffic control persons are working as a team, the employer shall ensure that one traffic control person is responsible for traffic co-ordination and for the initiation of changes in the direction of traffic flow in order to create a cycle which results in minimum traffic delay and maximum protection for the workers

-          Traffic control persons shall perform their duties and responsibilities in accordance with the Department of Transportation and Woks “Traffic Control Manual”

-          A person shall not work as a traffic control person unless he / she has completed a traffic control program prescribed by the commission

-          Where traffic control persons are working as a team, methods of communication shall be determined and understood by personnel using them before the commencement of the flagging operations

-          Where traffic is diverted onto dusty surfaces, good visibility shall be maintained by the suppression of dust through periodic application of an approved substance



Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)





This policy has been established to protect Cangro employees from the serious injuries that could result from potential cave-ins or earth collapse when working in trenches and excavation. The procedures of this policy are in accordance with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Standard 29 CFR 1910, Subpart P – Excavations. Failure to comply with the procedures of this policy and of the OSHA standard is cause for disciplinary action up to and including dismissal.


II. Definitions:


Angle of repose: The maximum angle of incline of a stable slope of soil or other granular material. The angle of repose varies with differences in such factors as the soil type, environmental conditions of exposure, and application of surcharge loads.


Benching (benching system): A method of protecting employees from cave-ins by excavating the sides of an excavation to form one or a series of horizontal levels or steps, usually with vertical or near-vertical surfaces between levels


Competent person: An individual who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the work environment that may adversely affect employees and the general public, and who has the authority to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them


Protective system: A method of protecting employees from cave-ins, from material that could fall or roll from an excavation face or into an excavation, or from the collapse of adjacent structures. Protective systems include support systems, sloping and benching systems, shield systems, and other systems that provide the necessary protection


Shielding (shielding system): A structure that is able to withstand the forces imposed on it by a cave-in and thereby protecting employees within the structure. Shields can be permanent structures or can be designed to be portable and moved along as work progresses. Also known as trench boxes or trench shields


Shoring (shoring system): A structure such as metal hydraulic, mechanical or timber shoring system that supports the sides of an excavation and which is designed to prevent cave-ins


Sloping (sloping system): A method of protecting employees from cave-ins by excavating to form sides of an excavation that is inclined away from the excavation to a safe angle of repose. When a sloping system is employed as a protective system, the excavation walls must be sloped at an angle no greater that that of 34-degrees (1:1.5 slope) from horizontal in all directions


Surface encumbrances: Any equipment, materials, supplies, buildings, roadways, trees, utility vaults, boulders, etc. that could present a hazard to employees working in the excavation


III. Procedures


a.       Prior to Excavation

1.       Underground installations prior to starting any excavation work, all underground utilities (both public and university) will be marked as clearly as possible in order to identify potentially dangerous situations. The supervisor or competent person will contact the “call before you dig” number so that the various public utilities will have the opportunity to locate and mark their lines.

2.       Surface encumbrances that are located so as to create a hazard to employees shall be removed or supported, as necessary, to safeguard employees.

3.       Barricades and warnings (EH&S 3/2011.3). Excavations must be isolated from public access by a substantial physical barrier. Barricades, lighting and posting shall be installed as appropriate prior to the start of excavation operations. All temporary excavations of this type shall be backfilled as soon as possible. Due to the dangerous nature of the work and the high student population, exceptional measures to protect the public must be taken at all times. Barricades are not enough in high traffic areas near sidewalks and roadways subject to pedestrian traffic. Snow fencing shall be placed around the excavation in such a way as to provide maximum protection. As an additional precaution, barricades with flashing lights will be used whenever possible on pedestrian walkways and roadways. Employees exposed to public vehicular traffic shall be provided with and shall wear warning vests or other suitable garments marked with or made of reflective or high-visibility material. The supervisor or competent person will contact the proper stakeholder(s) and apprise them of the excavation and request that they check periodically for vandalism or any other unusual activity.

4.       Competent person will be on site whenever employees are in the excavation. The competent person(s) performs and documents the “Trench Safety Daily Field Report” at least daily and as needed. Must assure that the location of underground installations or utilities have been properly located. Must identify and ensure the use of adequate protective systems, work methods and personal protective equipment (PPE) on the excavation site.


b.       Excavation

1.       Materials and equipment. On any excavation where depth is expected to exceed four feet or where unstable soil is likely to be encountered, shoring or shielding equipment that will be used shall be on the site before any excavation actually begins. In addition, a radio-equipped truck, portable radio or cellular phone shall be on the site at all times when work is in progress.

2.       Protection of employees. No one shall enter an excavation of four feet or more in depth without having an adequate protective system in place. No one shall enter an excavation of less than four feet without a protective system in place unless authorized by a competent person. Excavations less than four feet in depth may not require this degree of protection if examination of the ground by a competent person provides no indication of a potential cave-in. Excavated material shall be EH&S 3/2011.4 stored at least two feet from the edge of the excavation and hard hats will be worn by all workers at the site when work is in progress. A stairway, ladder, ramp or other safe means of egress shall be located in trench excavations that are 4 feet or more in depth so as to require no more than 25 feet of lateral travel for employees.

3.       Inspections daily. Inspections of excavations, the adjacent areas, and protective systems shall be made by a competent person for evidence of a situation that could result in possible cave-ins, indications of failure of protective systems, hazardous atmospheres, or other hazardous conditions. An inspection shall be conducted by the competent person prior to the start of work and as needed throughout the shift. Inspections shall also be made after every rainstorm or other hazard increasing occurrence. These inspections are required when employee exposure can be reasonably anticipated. (See attached example of a Trench Safety Daily Field Report). Where the competent person finds evidence of a situation that could result in a possible cave-in, or shows indications of failure of protective systems, hazardous atmospheres, or other hazardous conditions, exposed employees shall be removed from the hazardous area until the necessary precautions have been taken to ensure their safety. EH&S 3/2011.5


CANGRO TRENCH SAFETY DAILY FIELD REPORT DATE: _______________________________


WORK ORDER NUMBER: _______________________________________________________


Project Name: _______________________________________________________________


Competent Person: ___________________________________________________________


Project Supt: ________________________________________________________________


Signature: __________________________________________________________________


Date: ______________________________________________________________________


Location: ___________________________________________________________________


Weather Condition: __________________________________________________________


Rainfall Amounts 24 hrs. Previous: ______________________________________________


I hereby attest that the following conditions existed and that the following items were checked or reviewed during this inspection: (Circle Appropriate Response)


1.       Open trench was inspected         Y N

2.       All excavated material located proper distance from toe of slopes              Y N

3.       Were any tension cracks observed along top of any slopes?          YN

4.       Were slopes cut at design angle of repose?          Y N

5.       Was any water seepage noted in trench walls or trench bottom?                                Y N

6.       Was bracing system installed in accordance with design?               Y N

7.       Was there evidence of shrinkage cracks in trench walls?                 Y N

8.       Was there evidence of caving or sloughing of soil since the last field inspection    Y N

9.       All short-term trench(s) covered within 24 hours?             Y N

10.   Trench box(s) certified?                Y N

11.   Type shoring being used: _________________________________________________

12.   Did shoring plan include adequate safety factor to allow for equipment actually being used?                         Y N

13.   Traffic in area adequately away from trenching operations with barricades?          Y N

14.   Trees, boulders or other hazards in area.               Y N

15.   Vibrations from equipment or traffic too close to trenching operation?   Y N



Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)






Initial Procedures

The location of all utility installations that may be encountered during an excavation shall be determined prior to commencing work. The primary contractor or customer representative shall be contacted prior to the excavation activity and requested to determine the exact location of all installations such as pipes, electrical wiring and fiber optic cables.

A daily pre-excavation safety briefing shall be conducted by the jobsite supervisor for all people directly involved in the excavation to discuss any and all procedures and potential hazards associated with the excavation work.

General Rules

No employees are to be engaged in trenching activities unless they have been adequately trained to understand the hazards and correct procedures to be followed.

All excavations of a depth greater than 1.3 meters (4 feet) must be sloped or benched to a 45 -degree angle or fitted with properly engineered trench boxes before workers are permitted to enter.

No vehicle or heavy equipment is permitted on the sides of excavations where the extra weight will heighten the risk of cave-in. Similarly, all excavated materials shall be removed or cast out far enough from the edge of an excavation so as not to contribute to ground instability.

Access/egress-approved stairways, ladders or ramps shall be provided for access/egress in excavations that are 1.3 meters (4 feet) or more in depth and so located that an employee will not be required to travel laterally more than 8 meters (25 feet) from any point within the excavation in order to provide a stairway, ladder, or ramp every 8 meters, they shall be placed in locations of easy access and shall provide a safe means of egress.

Ladders – All ladders shall extend a minimum of three feet above the surface and shall be secured by tying off or by an employee holding the ladder when it is in use.

Hazards from Falling Objects

All surface items located adjacent to the excavation that may readily fall shall be removed to a safe location a min of 2 meters from the trench or securely supported as necessary.

At no time shall employees be permitted underneath or adjacent to loads handled by equipment. Operators may remain in the cabs of their vehicles during loading or unloading if the vehicles are equipped to provide adequate overhead protection.

Excavated or other loose materials located on the excavation face or surface shall be removed, secured with retaining devices, or by other acceptable means, to prevent the materials from falling or sliding into the excavation. Surface materials, such as excavated soil shall be kept at least two feet from each edge of the excavation or adequate retaining devices used.

At no time shall employees be permitted to work on the faces of sloped or benched excavations above other employees.

Warning Systems

Employees working in areas that may contain vehicular traffic shall wear warning vests marked with high visibility material.

All mobile excavation equipment must have electronic audible warning systems, including a functional horn for forward travel and a back up alarm for reverse travel, to alert people of their location. Also, when this equipment is operated adjacent to an excavation, warning systems such as barricades, stop logs, or hand signals must be used.

Fall Protection

Standard walkways, with guardrails and toe boards, shall be provided and used where employees are required to cross over excavations.

All excavation areas must have the entire perimeter barricaded in accordance with regulations. Excavations that have accumulated water or are in high traffic areas shall be protected by substantial wood or metal barricades in addition to the tape and tags. There shall be no openings left in the barricades in which a person could enter.

Water Accumulation

Employees shall not work in hazardous excavations in which there is accumulated water or water is accumulating unless there are adequate support systems in place to prevent cave ins and there is an adequate water removal system in place that can control the amount of accumulating water. The supervisor must monitor these systems to ensure proper operation.

When excavations change or prevent the natural drainage of surface water, suitable means must be provided to prevent the water from entering the excavation or accumulating adjacent to the excavation.


When excavations may affect the stability of adjacent structures, support systems (underpinning, bracing, etc.) must be provided to ensure the stability of the structure and protect the employees working in the excavation. The support system shall be designed by a professional engineer.

Excavations below the level of the base or footings of a foundation or retaining wall shall not be permitted unless a support system designed by a registered professional engineer is installed or a registered professional engineer determines that the excavation will not endanger the stability of the structure or expose the employees to hazards.

When approaching the estimated location of underground installations, the exact location shall be determined by safe and acceptable means such as removing material with a shovel. Also, all underground installations shall be protected or removed as necessary to safeguard employees.


Inspections of the excavation, all related work areas, and all protective systems and equipment shall be conducted by the supervisor on a daily basis, prior to the start of work, as needed throughout the shift, and after any hazard increasing occurrence such as a rainstorm.

If the supervisor finds evidence of hazardous conditions, all employees at risk of injury must be immediately removed from the excavation until all necessary precautions have been taken and the supervisor inspects the area and authorizes the work to continue.


Hazardous Atmospheres


Excavations / Trenches 1.3 meters or greater in depth, regardless of length or width, may become confined spaces and require entry permits and procedures. The job hazard assessment must consider the potential for confined space hazards and associated precaution and emergency procedures.


Protective Systems

Every excavation where a hazard exists, such as the potential for cave-in, or those 1.3 meters or greater in depth, must have an adequate protective system to protect every employee in the excavation. Protective systems shall be capable of withstanding all loads that could reasonably be expected to be applied or transmitted to the system.

Excavations shall be sloped or benched at a 45 - degree angle unless otherwise approved in writing by a professional engineer who has determined that soil stability will permit exceptions.

Sloping or benching for excavations greater than 7 meters in depth must be designed by a registered professional engineer.

The unsupported vertical sides of all benched excavation shall be a maximum of 1 meter high with the overall benching system conforming to the 45 – degree requirement.


Installation and Removal of Supports

All members of a support system shall be securely fastened together and installed so as not to subject the members to loads exceeding their design or subject employees to hazards.

Removal of supports shall be taken to ensure employee safety during the removal of supports. Backfilling of the excavation shall progress with the removal of the support system.


Trench Box Systems

Trench box systems shall be installed to restrict hazardous movement and shall not be subjected to loads exceeding the design of the system.

Employees shall not be allowed in the trench boxes when they are being installed, removed, or moved, and means shall be provided to protect employees when entering or exiting the boxed areas.


OHS Committee Approval: _______________________________________________________

Print Name: ___________________________________________________________________

Title: _________________________________________________________________________

Date: _________________________________________________________________________




Name (Print)


Date Reviewed















































Occupational Health and Safety Act & Regulations


Newfoundland and Labrador’s Occupational Health and Safety Act outlines the rights and responsibilities of employers, employees and others who are at the workplace. Specific regulations regarding WORKING ALONE are as follows:


Section 15.

(1)    In this section, “to work alone or in isolation” means to work in circumstance where assistance would not be readily available to the worker

(a)    In case of emergency or

(b)    In case the worker is injured or in ill health

(2)    An employer shall conduct a risk assessment where a worker is assigned to work alone or in isolation

(3)    Where a risk assessment required under subsection (2) identifies a hazard, appreciate controls shall be implemented to eliminate, or where elimination is not practicable, minimize the risk associated with the hazard

(4)    An employer shall develop and implement a written procedure for checking the well-being of a worker assigned to work alone or in isolation

(5)    A procedure referred to in subsection (4) shall include the time interval between checks and the procedure to follow in case the worker cannot be contacted, including provisions for emergency response

(6)    A person shall be designated to establish contact with the worker at predetermined intervals and the results shall be recorded by the person

(7)    A procedure referred to in subsection (4) shall be developed in consultation with the worker assigned to work alone or in isolation, the occupational health and safety committee

(8)    A procedure referred to in subsection (4) shall be reviewed at least annually, or more frequently if there is

(a)    A change in work arrangements that may adversely affect a work’s well-being or safety or

(b)    A report that procedures are not working effectively




Working Alone:Individuals are alone at work when on their own; they cannot be seen or heard by another employee; cannot expect a visit from another employee or member of the public for some time; and/or where assistance is not readily available when needed. Note also the definition under Regulation 15 above.


High Risk Activities:Activities where the potential for the occurrence of accidents or injuries is deemed to be highly likely and where the severity of the injury or accident will bring serious consequences. High risk activities included working in isolation from first aid services or immediate/emergency assistance, such as in forested areas where harvesting and access road construction work is being done.


Working Alone Situations That May Put Employees at Risk


Examples of at-risk situations:

(1)    Any of the high activities noted above

(2)    Employees who travel alone to remote work locations


Each of these situations has different hazards and ways to control them.


Supervisor Responsibilities

-          Assess the hazards of the workplace

-          Talk to employees about their work. Get their input about the work they do and possible solutions

-          Investigate incidents at the workplace, and those from similar workplaces

-          Avoid having a lone employee whenever possible, especially for jobs with a recognized risk

-          Take corrective action to prevent or minimize the potential risks of working alone

-          Provide appreciate training and education

-          Report all situations, incidents or “near misses” where working alone increased the severity of the situation. Analyze this information and make changes to company policy where necessary

-          Establish a check-in procedure. Make sure regular contact is kept with all employees

-          Establish ways to account for people (visually or verbally) while they are working

-          For most lone employees, the telephone will be the main source of contact. If a cellular phone is unreliable in the area, be sure to have alternative methods of communication available such as use of VHF radios, site visits or satellite technology

-          Schedule high risk tasks during normal business hours, or when another employee ia capable of helping if an emergency situation arises

-          Position employees, where possible in locations of highest visibility

-          Allow the use of a “buddy system” in high risk situations – ensure that employees are aware that this option is available to them


Employee Responsibilities

Employees can stay safe by adhering to the appropriate measures initiated by the company and reporting any unsafe conditions to their immediate supervisor.


Workplace Hazard Assessment

Factors to be considered when assessing workplace situations where employees are required to work alone include:

1.       Length of time the employee will be working alone

2.       Communications

3.       Location of the work

4.       Type or nature of work

5.       Characteristics of the individual who is working alone


The Working Alone Hazard Assessment must be completed in order to determine required actions to ensure employee safety. Where hazards are determined to exist, appropriate controls shall be implemented to eliminate, or where elimination is not practicable, minimize the risk associated with the hazard.

A written procedure for checking the well-being of a worker assigned to work alone or in isolation shall be implemented and shall:

-          Include the time interval between checks and the procedure to follow in case the worker cannot be contacted, including provisions for emergency response

-          Designate a person to establish contact with the worker at predetermined intervals with the results recorded by the designated person

-          Be developed in consultation with the worker assigned to work alone or in isolation and a worker representative of the occupational health and safety committee

-          Be reviewed and updated if there is a change in work arrangements that may adversely affect a worker’s well-being or safety or a report that procedures are not working effectively


Employees Who Perform Hazardous Work Alone

Employees who perform hazardous work alone, without routine interaction with other employees and the public, may be unable to get immediate help. The primary prevention strategy is to control the hazards associated with the work. Safe Work Procedures – Having written safe work procedures for hazardous work is essential.

1.       Equipment Safety – The supervisor must ensure that employees use equipment as intended and according to the manufacturer’s specification. All equipment used in a workplace must be maintained in good working order, whether or not it is being used in a “working alone” situation.

2.       Equipment and Supplies – In addition to proper equipment, appropriate first aid and emergency supplies must be provided to employees who are working alone at a work site.

3.       Travel Plan – If employees are working alone in a remote location, the supervisor should establish a sign-out procedure to track their whereabouts. An “overdue employee” procedure should also be in place for locating employees who fail to report on time.


Employees Who Travel Alone

Some of the risk to employees who travel alone involves injured from motor vehicle accidents. The risk is greater when employees in remote areas are unable to summon help. Employees performing fieldwork alone, employees in the transportation industry and business people in transit are exposed to the risk:

1.       Safe Work Procedures – Employees must have full concentration on the road when travelling alone.

2.       Equipment and Supplies – Well-maintained vehicles prevent exposure of employees to unnecessary risk. Appropriate first aid and emergency supplies should be provided.

3.       Travel Plan – The supervisor will determine a procedure appropriate to the hazards to track the whereabouts of employees when travel alone is required.

Approved: Raymond Johnson (President) Date: ____________              Signed: _________







Length of time the

Employee will be

Working alone:

What is a reasonable length of time for the employee to be alone?


Is it reasonable for the employee to be alone?


Is it legal for the employee to be alone while doing certain activities? (For example: NL regulations restrict working alone in certain Situations.)


What time of the day will the employee be alone?




What forms of communication are available?


Is it necessary to see the work, or is voice communication adequate?


Will emergency communication systems work properly in all situations?


If the communication systems are located in a vehicle, do you need alternate arrangements to cover the employee when away from the vehicle?



Location of the work

Is the work in a remote or isolated location? (Roof areas that are rarely visited can be considered remote or isolated.)









Cangro Services Limited is committed to ensuring the workplace and its employees are healthy and safe while at work. One of the ways we intend on ensuring this is to conduct regular workplace inspections.

The purpose of these inspections is to detect potential hazards before they become an accident. Also, it ensures that all the equipment, vehicles and the workplace itself can operate at its highest potential. This in turn minimizes the risk of damage to company property but most importantly ensures that the workers are working in a safe environment.



The following areas will be inspected using a workplace inspection checklist:

1.       Buildings/Grounds/Parking Lot:Formal inspections will be conducted on the building, grounds and parking lot at least twice each year. These inspections will be conducted by a management personal and/or a supervisor with the aid of the workers using the appropriate workplace inspection checklist.

2.       Equipment and Vehicles:Formal inspections will be conducted on equipment and vehicles on monthly bases. These inspections will be conducted by a management personal and/or a supervisor with the aid of the workers using the appropriate workplace inspection checklist.

3.       Other Job Sites:Formal inspections will be conducted on random job sites on a monthly base. Workplace inspections will be conducted by a management personal and/or a supervisor with the aid of the workers using the appreciate workplace inspection checklist.


-          Workplace inspections will be conducted by a management personal and/or a supervisor and the workers using the appreciate workplace inspection checklist.

-          Deficiencies noted during the workplace inspection will be noted in the “comment” section of the inspection checklist with recommendations for correction and expected date for correction. Management will be notified immediately of any problems that are detected.

-          Issues that have been identified during the inspection will be evaluated to determine severity.

-          The results of the most recent workplace inspections will be posted on the bulletin board located in the main office. Completed inspection reports will be forwarded to the worker representative for record keeping purposes.

-          Completed inspection reports will be forwarded to the worker representative for record keeping purposes. These records will be kept in the “safety” section in the filing cabinet in the company’s main office.


Informal Inspectional will be conducted in a daily bases on all equipment and vehicles prior to its use. Informal inspections will be conducted on all sites prior to work commencing.


Signed: RLJ  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: President (Raymond Johnson) OH&S Management Committee Representative


Signed: Dennis Beales  Date: Jan 1, 2018

Title: OH&S Worker Committee Representative (Dennis Beales)





Date: _______________________          Manger’s Signature: _______________________________


1.       Number Workers Hired:                                                                                                ______________

2.       Number Completed Orientation:                                                                              ______________


3.       Number Tool Box Meetings Scheduled                                                                   ______________

4.       Number Conducted:                                                                                                       ______________

5.       Percentage Attendance:                                                                                                               ______________


6.       Number Formal Inspections Scheduled:                                                                 ______________

7.       Number Completed:                                                                                                      ______________

8.       Total Unsafe Acts/Conditions Identified:                                                                ______________

9.       Number Corrected:                                                                                                         ______________

10.   Number Outstanding:                                                                                                    ______________


11.   Number of Incidents:                                                                                                     ______________

12.   Damage Only:                                                                                                                    ______________

13.   Injury Only:                                                                                                                         ______________

14.   Injury and Damage:                                                                                                         ______________

15.   Near Miss:                                                                                                                           ______________

16.   Number of Investigations Completed:                                                                    ______________

17.   Outstanding:                                                                                                                      ______________

18.   Number of Recommendations Made:                                                                     ______________

19.   Complete:                                                                                                                           ______________

20.   Outstanding:                                                                                                                      ______________










Date of assessment:

Conducted by:





Level of risk

Controls to be put in place

Person responsible and when?

Date control put in place















































Hazard Ranking:               Serious                Extreme

                                                1 2 3 4 5               6 7 8 9 10             11 12

                                                      Acceptable Hazards                 Unacceptable Hazards


Additional Comments: __________________________________________________________________






DATE: ___________________________                JOB # (S) ______________________________

Location: ________________________                 Crew Member _________________________

Supervisor: _______________________              




Housing-keeping (Garbage, cleanliness, electrical cords, ladders)


Drinking water/ sanitation requirements/ first aid kit


Electrical (such as proper grounding, lock & tag and GFCI (good condition, inspected)


Proper personal protective equipment (PPE)


Walking/ working surfaces (tripping hazards, slippery surfaces, floor holes)


Electrical tools (guards in place; good condition, stored properly)


Cranes/ rigging equipment (for example: slings, properly stored & inspected)


Excavation (properly sloped or shored; permits; inspections; barricaded daily)


Flammables/ combustibles (fire extinguishers, welding and cutting equipment)


Hot Work (PPE, permit, combustibles, flammables protected)


MSDS’s onsite with containers labeled


Scaffold system fully assembled; tags; inspections; fully planked guardrails


Proper barricading/ warning signs (trenches, fuel areas, storage construction sites)


Fire extinguishers (monthly inspection, accessible, on mechanized equipment)







Report Date: _____________    Report Time: _____________    Inspected By: _________________





Corrective Action Required

Date Corrected









Ventilation, Heating & Cooling






















































Water Cooler












Office # 1:




Corrective Action Required

Date Corrected









Ventilation, Heating & Cooling
























Book Shelves






Material Storage






Telephone /Book Emergency List






Tables and Desk












Computer & Screen








Report Date: ______________  Report Time: ______________Inspected By: ________________

Office # 2:




Corrective Action Required

Date Corrected









Ventilation, Heating & Cooling
























Book Shelves






Material Storage






Telephone /Book Emergency List






Tables and Desk












Computer & Screen






Reception Area:




Corrective Action Required

Date Corrected









Ventilation, Heating & Cooling
























Book Shelves






Material Storage






Telephone / Book Emergency List






Tables & Desks












Computer & Screens






Printer / Scanner / Fax Machine








Report Date: ______________  Report Time: ______________Inspected By: ________________





Corrective Action Required

Date Corrected



Ventilation, Heating & Cooling


















Soap Dispenser






















Corrective Action Required

Date Corrected









Ventilation, Heating & Cooling


















Material Storage






Work Bench






Welding Gear












Stair Way






Air Compressor






Storage Areas






Tool Boxes / Contents






Power Tools






Hand Tools






Upper Storage Area








General Safety ___

Use of Chain Saw ___

Use of Cleaning Solvents and Flammable’s ___

Use of Compressed Air ___

Defective Tools ___

Use of Explosive / Powder Actuated Fastening Tools ___

Fire and Use of Fire Extinguishers ___

Proper Lifting Practices – Hoisting ___

Use of Metal Scaffolds ___

Grinding ___

Use of Propane ___

Rigging ___

Use of Portable / Step Ladders ___

Use of Trigger Torches ___

Welding, Cutting and Burning ___

Compactor Safety ___

Pump Safety ---

Use of Aerator ___

Use of Hand-Held Power Circular Saws ___

Use of Jig Saws ___

Safety Belts Lanyards and Life Lines ___

Use of Skid Steer Loader ___

Use of Portable Arc Welders ___            

Submersible ___                                             Signed ________________         Date _________________



Chemical (or other) Spills ___

Cutting, Sawing, Drilling or Chisel Use ___

Electrical Lockout ___

Fueling ___

Hand Shoveling and Digging ___

Hazardous Materials Handling ___

Hearing Protection ___

Manual Material Handling Equipment ___

Mowing on Slopes ___

Servicing Equipment ___

Slips, Trips and Falls ___

Task Analysis for Unsafe Situations ___

Traffic Control ___

Tree Planting Safety ___


Signed __________________________________             Date _________________________

                _________________________________                        _________________________

                _________________________________                        _________________________

                _________________________________                        _________________________

                _________________________________                        _________________________

                _________________________________                        _________________________





Chainsaws ___

Concrete Work ___

Cranes, Ropes, Rigging and Lifting Materials ___

Ladders ___

Leaf Blowers ___

Line or String Trimming ___

Post Hole Augers ___

Power Take Offs (PTOs) ___

Power Tools ___

Pruners ___

Push Mowers (Power Mowers) ___

Riding Mowers / Lawn Tractors ___

Roll Over Protection (ROPS) ___

Snow Ploughing ___

Tools ___

Tractor, Skid Steer and Fork-lift ___

Truck and Trailer ___

Vehicle / Equipment / Trailer Circle Check ___


Signed __________________________________             Date _________________________

                _________________________________                        _________________________

                _________________________________                        _________________________



Safety First: With any piece of equipment, new or used, the most important part of its operation is SAFETY. FINN corporation encourages you and your employees to familiarize yourselves with your new equipment and stress safe operation. The first five pages of this manual are a summary of the main safety aspects associated with this unit. Be sure to read and understand completely before operating the machine.

The symbols below are used throughout the operation and maintenance sections of this manual to call attention to safety procedures.

DANGER – Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious injury.      

WARNING – Indicates a hazardous situationwhich, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

CAUTION– Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.           

NOTICE– Indicates practices that are not related to personal injury.

NOTE: Gives helpful information

California – Proposition 65 Warning: The engine exhaust and some of the constituents are known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, and other reproductive harm. Battery posts, terminals, and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.

It is important that operators of this machine are familiar with all safety aspects covered in this section and have read the entire operator’s manual before operating the machine. Always keep a copy of this manual with the machine. It is the responsibility of the operator of the machine to fully understand this safety summary section. Remember that you are the key to safety. Good safety practices protect not only you, but also the people working with and around you. Keep in mind that this safety section is written for this type of machine only. Practice all other usual and customary safe working precautions. Above all, remember that safety is up to you.

The FINN Hydro-seeder is designed to mix and apply water, seed, fertilizer, agricultural lime, and hydraulic mulch to the prepared seedbed. The resultant slurry from mixing one or more of the above materials may react, causing harmful or deadly gasses within the tank. Heat, evaporation, or extended emptying period can/will accelerate the formation of these gases. Please contact your supplier(s) of these slurry components regarding their potential reactivity.

1.       PRE-START EQUIPMENT CHECK (to be made with engine off)

-          If you have a chassis-mounted unit, check devices securing Hydro-seeder to the truck or trailer frame.

-          If Hydro-seeder is a trailer unit, check hitch and hitch bolts, lights, brakes, and all safety components.

-          Make sure loading hatch bag cutter is in place and secure.

-          Check that all guard railing is in place and secure.

-          Verify that all guards are in place.

-          With the ignition switch ON, verify that the signal horn is operating correctly.

-          By carefully looking down through the loading hatch, inspect the slurry tank for foreign objects. Never enter the tank without following the procedures described in step 3 of section 4. Maintenance on page 4.

-          Remove unnecessary objects (or material) from the tank top.

-          Make sure no one is working on or inside the machine. Give a visual and audible signal that all is clear, before starting the engine.

-          Inspect all hydraulic hoses for cracks, bulges, or damage. If hoses are bad, replace immediately.

-          Inspect all discharge hoses for cracks, bulges, or damage. If hoses are bad, replace immediately.



-          Always wear safety goggles when operating the machine. Other safety attire such as safety shoes, ear protection, gloves, hard hats, duck masks, etc., should be worn as required by warning decals on machine, operator’s manuals or job site requirements. Remove rings, watches, etc. Avoid wearing loose-fitting clothing that may get caught in rotating machinery.

-          Do not operate the machine without all guards in place.

-          Do not load unit while in transit. Load only when parked and unit is as level as possible. Take care not to drop pens, lighters, etc., or pieces of paper or plastic bags into the tank, as these objects might plug the slurry system. Should any object be dropped into the tank, do NOT reach into the tank to retrieve the foreign object. See step 3 under section 4. Maintenance on page 4 before allowing any personnel to enter the tank.

-          Make sure area to be sprayed is clear of all persons, animals, etc.

-          The driver of the carrying or towing vehicle is responsible for the safety of the operator(s) of the machine. Make sure the driver is aware of and avoids all possible hazards to the operator(s) of the machine, such as low tree limbs, low power lines, etc. vehicles on which equipment is mounted or towed must be stopped and started gradually. Avoid abrupt starts or stops. Never operate on a slope or a hill that may endanger the driver and / or the operator(s). All personnel should review and be familiar with stop/start signals between the driver and operator(s) before going into operation. Only the operator should be located on the platform during operation.

-          Operators(s) of equipment should never ride on the machine at speeds of greater than 5 mph (8 km/h).

-          Never operate machine in an enclosed area without venting the engine exhaust of both the equipment and vehicle on which the equipment is mounted. Deadly carbon monoxide fumes can accumulate.


-          Never operate this or any other machinery when fatigued, tired, under the influence of alcohol, illegal drugs, or medication. You must be in good physical condition and mentally alert to operate this machine.

-          Never modify the machine. Never remove any part of the machine (except for service and then reinstall before operating).

-          Use proper means (steps, ladder) for mounting and dismounting of the machine. Never mount or dismount a moving machine.



-          Do not aim discharge spray toward power-lines, transformers, or other high voltage electrical conductors. Also, do not aim discharge spray towards people, animals or anything other then the intended application area.

-          Never engage (turn on) clutch when both the recirculation and discharge valves are closed. Operation with both valves closed will result in extreme heat generation that could cause severe bodily injury and damage to the equipment.

-          Recirculation valve must be open and material flowing back into the tank when using the remote valve. A closed or plugged recirculation line will cause extreme heat in the pump or discharge lines that will result in severe bodily injury and damage to the equipment.

-          During application through a hose, high pressure can be exerted at the end of the hose. Hose-holding personnel must establish good footing. The operator should apply gradual pressure to the hose only after hose-holding personnel are firmly positioned and have firm control of the hose. Additional personnel to direct hose may be necessary if working on slopes. The proper technique for grasping the hose used by hose-holding personnel is to route and firmly grasp the hose over the shoulder or under both arms. Never route/hold the hose so it goes between the legs. If the hose-holding personnel finds that it is uncomfortable for him to handle the hose by himself, additional hose-holding personnel should be positioned at the end of the hose.

-          Plan application so that the farthest area is covered first, then work back toward the Hydro -seeder so individuals are not walking back over slippery ground.

-          Before opening any valves or pipe clamps, shut machine down and check if material in the pipe is hot. If hot, do NOT open valve or pipe clamps as the hot material may cause severe personal injury. Allow to cool and open with caution.

-          Except when loading materials, keep loading hatch lid closed to protect operator and prevent splashing of wet material onto the tank top.

-          Wash off spillage of slippery mulch or slurry additive from the tank top and platform before operating equipment.



-          Before servicing the machine, turn off engine and allow all moving parts to stop. To prevent accidental starting, disconnect battery cables. Tag the engine operating area to show that the machine is being serviced. Use lockout/tagout procedure (Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) 29 CFR 1910.147).

-          Certain hydroseeding amendments, when combined with or without the addition of water or heat or the element of time, may react causing harmful or deadly gasses. Consult your material suppliers regarding reactivity information. The slurry tank must be flushed and drained after each day of operation.

-          Your slurry tank may be considered a confined space by OSHA under 29 CFR 1910.146. Before entering any confined space, your company must develop a procedure for safe entry. Make sure your company’s plan meets all the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.146, or local legal requirement, including the following:

A Drain, flush, and ventilate tank interior

B Turn off engine, disconnect battery cables, and perform lockout/tagout procedures (29 CFR 1910.147)

C Provide continuous ventilation or proper breathing apparatus

D If tank must be entered, personnel entering the tank must be tethered to a lifeline

E Provide a stand-by individual outside of tank who is able to communicate with person inside and haul him out with the lifeline if necessary

-          Before loosening any clamps or opening any valves, determine if material in the line is hot by feeling the pipe. Do NOT allow material to come in contact with personnel. Severe bodily injury could result.

-          On trailer units, perform general maintenance such as checking the safety chains, hitch and hitch bolts, tires and brakes. Repair or replace if worn or broken. Never operate machine on improperly inflated or damaged tires. Always use a safety cage or cable restraints when inflating a repaired tire.

-          Radiator maintenance: Liquid cooling systems build up pressure as the engine gets hot. Before removing radiator cap, stop the engine and let the system cool. Remove radiator cap only after the coolant is cool.

-          Battery maintenance: Lead-acid batteries contain sulfuric acid, which will damage eyes or skin on contact. Always wear a face shield to avoid getting acid in the eyes. If acid contacts the eyes, flush immediately with clean water and get medical attention. Wear rubber gloves and protective clothing to keep acid off skin. Lead-acid batteries produce flammable and explosive gasses. Keep arcs, sparks, flames, and lighted tobacco away.

-          Filling of fuel: Never fill the tank with the engine running, while smoking, or when near an open flame. Never smoke while handling fuel or working on the fuel system. The fumes in an empty fuel container are explosive. Never cut or weld on fuel lines, tanks, or containers. Move at least 10 ft (3 m) away from fueling point before starting engine. Wipe off any spilled fuel and let dry before starting engine.

-          IMPORTANT: Be careful not to allow fuel, lubricant, hydraulic fluid, or cooling fluids to penetrate into the ground or be discharged into the water system. Collect all fluids and dispose of them in accordance with local municipal regulations.

-          It is recommended that only authorized, genuine FINN replacement parts be used on the machine.

-          Do not use either cold start fluid, if engine is equipped with glow plug-type preheater, or other intake manifold type preheater. It could cause an explosion or fire and severe injury or death.

-          Diesel fuel or hydraulic fluid under pressure can penetrate the skin or eyes and cause injury, blindness, or death. Pressure may build up in the hydraulic system; use caution when removing the cap.

-          Make certain that all decals on the machine are maintained in good legible condition. Replacement decals are available through FINN Corporation by specifying part number shown in the lower right-hand corner of the decal. See page 5 for the current safety decals mounted on the unit. See pages 54 and 55 in the parts manual for the location and quantity of all decals on this unit.





Confined Space Hazard!

Before entering tank:

1.       Drain, flush, and ventilate tank interior.

2.       Turn off engine and disconnect battery cables.

3.       Continuously ventilate area or wear appropriate breathing apparatus.

4.       Provide standby individual outside tank able to communicate with person inside and able to remove him with a lifeline if necessary.

Flying Material Hazard!

-          Wear eye protection around operating equipment





Electrocution Hazard!

-          DO NOT aim stream toward electrical lines

-          Avoid spraying toward bystanders





Burn Hazard!

Contents could be under pressure

-          DO NOT come in contact with material

-          Ensure material in line is not hot before loosening clamps or opening valves

-          DO NOT operate pump with both recirculation and discharge valves closed

-          DO NOT use remote valve unless recirculation valve is open

-          Excessive heat or bodily injury could occur




Fall Hazard!

-          DO NOT ride on equipment when moving at speeds in excess of 5 mph (8 km/h)





Fall Hazard!

-          DO NOT ride on hitch when vehicle is moving

-          AWAYS use step when mounting and dismounting





Sever Hazard!

-          Keep hands clear

-          Rotating fan and gears

-          DO NOT operate without guards or doors in place

-          Shut off engine, disconnect battery and allow all moving parts to stop before servicing

Flying Debris Hazard!

-          Wear eye protection around equipment





Burn Hazard!

-          Hot asphalt

-          STAY BACK





-          Wear proper eye protection when operating machine





Runaway Vehicle Hazard!

-          Always inspect tow vehicle and equipment hitch before towing

-          Tighten all hitch bolts and properly connect wiring and safety chain

Breakaway Switch

-          DO NOT use for parking

-          Attach cable to towing vehicle with enough slack for turning

-          Engine battery on trailer must be charged and hooked up for proper breakaway function

Safety Chain Installation

-          Both the single and double chains must be crossed under tongue. They must be oriented in such a manner as to prevent tongue from dropping to ground in event of failure to hitch, coupler or ball. Chains must be connected to towing vehicle so slack for each length of chain, between trailer and towing vehicle, is the same and must have greater slack when in use then necessary to permit proper turning of vehicles. Forward end of chain must be attached to towing vehicle, not to ball, but to hitch or another frame member. Chain must be looped around member and hooked back into itself





-          Any piece of equipment can be dangerous if not operated properly. You are responsible for the safe operation of this equipment. The operator must carefully read and follow any warnings, safety signs and instructions provided with or located on the equipment. Do not remove, defeat, deface or render inoperable any of the safety devices or warnings on this equipment. If any safety devices or warnings have been removed, defeated, defaced or render inoperable, DO NOT USE THE EQUIPMENT! The use and operation of this equipment, accessories, and its component parts contain a chemical(s) known to cause cancer, birth defects, and other reproductive harm.

-          Only operate if you have been authorized and are trained in equipment’s safe operation

-          Check with rental yard on correct operating procedures. Call if you have any questions

-          Only use equipment for its intended purpose

-          Always wear proper safety glasses/shield, hard hat, safety shoes and ear protection

-          Obey all state and local laws when driving, towing, and operating equipment

-          Always maintain total control of the equipment you are operating

-          Never fuel equipment while engine is hot or running. Do not smoke!

-          Always keep equipment away from wet or damp locations. Water is an electrical hazard which could cause serious electrical shock


-          Always inspect your work area for hazards that may cause an accident. Remove debris and obstacles. If digging, always call all available services to locate underground cables, pipes, gas and water lines, and electrical wiring. Only operate equipment where it should be operated. DO NOT operate equipment on slopes of more than 20 degrees

-          Always wear safety belt located on equipment

-          If the person receiving this handout will not be the user of the equipment, forward these rules and instructions to the operator. If there is any doubt as to the operation or safety of the equipment, DO NOT USE! CALL US IMMEDIATELY!







Use of Cleaning Solvents and Flammables



Cleaning solvents are used in the day-to-day construction work to clean tools and equipment. Special care must be taken to protect the worker from hazards which may be created from the use of these liquids. Wherever possible, solvents should be nonflammable and nontoxic.

The foreperson must be aware of all solvents/flammables that are used on the job, and be sure that all workers who use these materials have been instructed in their proper use and any hazard they pose.

The following instructions or rules apply when solvents/flammables are used:

-          Use nonflammable solvents for general cleaning

-          When flammable liquids are used, make sure that no hot work is permitted in the area

-          Store flammables and solvents in special storage areas

-          Check toxic hazard of all solvents before use (MSDS) located in Cangro Office

-          Provide adequate ventilation where all solvents and flammables are being used

-          Use goggles or face shields to protect the face and eyes from splashes or sprays

-          Use rubber gloves to protect the hands

-          Wear protective clothing to prevent contamination of worker’s clothes

-          When breathing hazards exist, use the appropriate respiratory protection

-          Never leave solvents in open tubs or vats – return them to storage drums or tanks

-          Ensure that proper containers are used for transportation, storage and field use of solvents/flammables

-          Where solvents are controlled products, ensure all employees using or in the vicinity of use or storage are trained and certified in the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System. Ensure all WHMIS requirements are met



Use of Compressed Air



Air powered tools in construction range from stapling guns to jack hammers. If not treated with respect, these tools can become a powerful enemy rather than a servant.

-          Compressed air must not be used to blow debris or to clear dirt from any worker’s clothes

-          Ensure that the air pressure has been turned off and the line pressure relieved before disconnecting the hose or changing tools

-          All hose connectors must be of the quick disconnect pressure release type with a “safety chain/cable”

-          Wear personnel protective equipment such as eye protection and face shields and ensure other workers in the area are made aware of or have restricted access to the hazard area

-          Hoses must be checked on a regular basis for cuts, bulges, or other damage. Ensure that defective hoses are repaired or replaced

-          A proper pressure regulator and relief device must be in the system to ensure that correct desired pressures are maintained

-          The correct air supply hoses must be used for the tool/equipment being used

-          The equipment must be properly maintained according to the manufacturers’ requirements

-          Follow manufacturer’s general instructions and comply with legislated safety requirements



Defective Tools



Defective tools can cause serious and painful injuries. If a tool is defective in some way, DON’T USE IT!

Be aware of problems like:

-          Chisels and wedges with mushroomed heads

-          Split or cracked handles

-          Chipped or broken drill bits

-          Wenches with worn out jaws

-          Tools which are not complete, such as files without handles

To ensure safe use of hand tools, remember:

-          Never use a defective tool

-          Double check all tools prior to use; and

-          Ensure defective tools are repaired

Air, gasoline or electric power tools, require skill and complete attention on the part of the user even when they are in good condition. Don’t use power tools when they are defective in any way.


Watch for problems like:

-          Broken or inoperative guards

-          Insufficient of improper grounding due to damage on double insulated tools

-          No ground wire (on plug) of cords of standard tools

-          The on/off switch not in good working order

-          Tool blade is cracked

-          The wrong grinder wheel is being used

-          The guard has been wedged back on a power saw



Use of Explosive/Powder Actuated Fastening Tools



There are a number of tools utilizing an explosive charge in use throughout the construction industry to drive fastenings.

The manufactures of these devices provide detailed instructions regarding their use and maintenance. These instructions, along with the legislation specifically set out for their use, shall be closely adhered to at all times.

The following general recommendations apply to all explosive/powder actuated tools:

-          Only properly trained and qualified operators are to use this type of tool. The user shall possess proof of training issued by the manufacturer, authorized dealer/distributor, or other competent source.

-          The tool must be CSA standard approved for Explosive Actuated Fastening Tools

-          The tool should be loaded just prior to use with the correct load for the job anticipated. Tools should never be loaded and left to sit or be moved to a alternate work site after being loaded

-          The tool should never be pointed at anyone, whether loaded or unloaded. Hands should be kept clear of the muzzle end at all times

-          Explosive/powder actuated tools should always be stored in their proper lockable boxes

-          Explosive/powder actuated tools must never be used in an explosive atmosphere

-          When used, the tool must be held firmly and at right angles to the surface being driven into

-          Eye protection must be worn by the operator. Where there is a danger of spalling, full face protection must be worn. Hearing protection is also to be worn in confined areas

-          To prevent free-flying studs, ensure that the material being driven into will not allow the stud to completely pass through it (ex: glass block, hollow tile)

-          Manufactures recommendations should be consulted and followed whenever there is a doubt about the material being driven into, maintenance procedures, or load strength to be used

-          Always be aware of other workers. Where a hazard to other workers is created by this operation, signs and barricades identifying the hazard area are mandatory



Fire and Use of Fire Extinguishers



Good Housekeeping is essential in the prevention of fires. Fires can start anywhere and at any time. This is why it is important to know which fire extinguisher to use and how to use it.

Always keep fire extinguishers visible and easy to get at. Fire extinguishers have to be properly maintained to do the job. Where temperature is a factor, ensure that care is taken in selecting the right extinguisher.

Types of Fires


Class A: These fires consist of wood, paper, rags, rubbish and other ordinary combustible materials.

Recommended Extinguishers

Water from a hose, pump type water can, or pressurized extinguisher, and soda acid extinguishers

Fighting the Fire

Soak the fire completely even the smoking embers


Class B: Flammable liquids, oil and grease

Recommended Extinguishers

ABC units, dry chemical, foam and carbon dioxide extinguishers

Fighting the Fire

Start at the base of the fire and use a swinging motion from the left to right, always keeping the fire in front of you


Class C:Electrical equipment

Recommended Extinguishers

Carbon dioxide and dry chemical (ABC units) extinguishers

Fighting the Fire

Use short bursts on the fire. When the electrical current is shut off on a Class C fire, it can become a Class A fire if the materials around the electrical fire are ignited



Proper Lifting Practices – Hoisting



Determine the weight of the object or load prior to a lift to make sure that the lifting equipment can operate within its capabilities.


Balance Loads

Estimate the center of gravity or point of balance. The lifting device should be positioned immediately above the estimated center of gravity.


Landing the Load

Prepare a place to land the load, lower the load gently and make sure it is stable before slackening the sling or chain.

-          Select only alloy chain slings and NEVER exceed the working load limits

-          Make sure the hoist or crane is directly over the load

-          Use slings of proper reach. Never shorten a line by twisting or knotting. With chain slings, never use bolts or nuts

-          Never permit anyone to ride the lifting hook or the load

-          Make sure all personnel stand clear from the load being lifted

-          Never work under a suspended load, unless the load is properly supported

-          Never leave a load suspended when hoist or crane is unattended

-          Inspect all slings thoroughly at specified intervals and maintain them in good condition

-          Inspect each chain or sling for cuts, nicks, bent hooks, etc., before each use. If in doubt, don’t use it

-          Ensure that safety latches on hooks are in good working condition

-          Ensure that the signaler is properly identified and understands techniques of proper signaling

-           Make sure a tagline is used to control the load



Use of Metal Scaffolds